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1a1w

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1a1w, 1 NMR models ()
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

FADD DEATH EFFECTOR DOMAIN, F25Y MUTANT, NMR MINIMIZED AVERAGE STRUCTURE

Publication Abstract from PubMed

When activated, membrane-bound receptors for Fas and tumour-necrosis factor initiate programmed cell death by recruiting the death domain of the adaptor protein FADD to the membrane. FADD then activates caspase 8 (also known as FLICE or MACH) through an interaction between the death-effector domains of FADD and caspase 8. This ultimately leads to the apoptotic response. Death-effector domains and homologous protein modules known as caspase-recruitment domains have been found in several proteins and are important regulators of caspase (FLICE) activity and of apoptosis. Here we describe the solution structure of a soluble, biologically active mutant of the FADD death-effector domain. The structure consists of six antiparallel, amphipathic alpha-helices and resembles the overall fold of the death domains of Fas and p75. Despite this structural similarity, mutations that inhibit protein-protein interactions involving the Fas death domain have no effect when introduced into the FADD death-effector domain. Instead, a hydrophobic region of the FADD death-effector domain that is not present in the death domains is vital for binding to FLICE and for apoptotic activity.

NMR structure and mutagenesis of the FADD (Mort1) death-effector domain., Eberstadt M, Huang B, Chen Z, Meadows RP, Ng SC, Zheng L, Lenardo MJ, Fesik SW, Nature. 1998 Apr 30;392(6679):941-5. PMID:9582077

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[FADD_HUMAN] Defects in FADD are the cause of infections recurrent associated with encephalopathy hepatic dysfunction and cardiovascular malformations (IEHDCM) [MIM:613759]. A condition with biological features of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome such as high-circulating CD4(-)CD8(-)TCR-alpha-beta(+) T-cell counts, and elevated IL10 and FASL levels. Affected individuals suffer from recurrent, stereotypical episodes of fever, encephalopathy, and mild liver dysfunction sometimes accompanied by generalized seizures. The episodes can be triggered by varicella zoster virus (VZV), measles mumps rubella (MMR) attenuated vaccine, parainfluenza virus, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).[1]

Function

[FADD_HUMAN] Apoptotic adaptor molecule that recruits caspase-8 or caspase-10 to the activated Fas (CD95) or TNFR-1 receptors. The resulting aggregate called the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) performs caspase-8 proteolytic activation. Active caspase-8 initiates the subsequent cascade of caspases mediating apoptosis. Involved in interferon-mediated antiviral immune response, playing a role in the positive regulation of interferon signaling.[2][3][4][5]

About this Structure

1a1w is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full experimental information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Eberstadt M, Huang B, Chen Z, Meadows RP, Ng SC, Zheng L, Lenardo MJ, Fesik SW. NMR structure and mutagenesis of the FADD (Mort1) death-effector domain. Nature. 1998 Apr 30;392(6679):941-5. PMID:9582077 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/31972
  1. Bolze A, Byun M, McDonald D, Morgan NV, Abhyankar A, Premkumar L, Puel A, Bacon CM, Rieux-Laucat F, Pang K, Britland A, Abel L, Cant A, Maher ER, Riedl SJ, Hambleton S, Casanova JL. Whole-exome-sequencing-based discovery of human FADD deficiency. Am J Hum Genet. 2010 Dec 10;87(6):873-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.10.028. Epub, 2010 Nov 25. PMID:21109225 doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.10.028
  2. Bolze A, Byun M, McDonald D, Morgan NV, Abhyankar A, Premkumar L, Puel A, Bacon CM, Rieux-Laucat F, Pang K, Britland A, Abel L, Cant A, Maher ER, Riedl SJ, Hambleton S, Casanova JL. Whole-exome-sequencing-based discovery of human FADD deficiency. Am J Hum Genet. 2010 Dec 10;87(6):873-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.10.028. Epub, 2010 Nov 25. PMID:21109225 doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.10.028
  3. Carrington PE, Sandu C, Wei Y, Hill JM, Morisawa G, Huang T, Gavathiotis E, Wei Y, Werner MH. The structure of FADD and its mode of interaction with procaspase-8. Mol Cell. 2006 Jun 9;22(5):599-610. PMID:16762833 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2006.04.018
  4. Scott FL, Stec B, Pop C, Dobaczewska MK, Lee JJ, Monosov E, Robinson H, Salvesen GS, Schwarzenbacher R, Riedl SJ. The Fas-FADD death domain complex structure unravels signalling by receptor clustering. Nature. 2009 Feb 19;457(7232):1019-22. Epub 2008 Dec 31. PMID:19118384 doi:nature07606
  5. Wang L, Yang JK, Kabaleeswaran V, Rice AJ, Cruz AC, Park AY, Yin Q, Damko E, Jang SB, Raunser S, Robinson CV, Siegel RM, Walz T, Wu H. The Fas-FADD death domain complex structure reveals the basis of DISC assembly and disease mutations. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2010 Nov;17(11):1324-9. Epub 2010 Oct 10. PMID:20935634 doi:10.1038/nsmb.1920

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