[IL6_HUMAN] Genetic variations in IL6 are associated with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis systemic juvenile (RASJ) [MIM:604302]. An inflammatory articular disorder with systemic-onset beginning before the age of 16. It represents a subgroup of juvenile arthritis associated with severe extraarticular features and occasionally fatal complications. During active phases of the disorder, patients display a typical daily spiking fever, an evanescent macular rash, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, serositis, myalgia and arthritis. Note=A IL6 promoter polymorphism is associated with a lifetime risk of development of Kaposi sarcoma in HIV-infected men.
[IL6_HUMAN] Cytokine with a wide variety of biological functions. It is a potent inducer of the acute phase response. Plays an essential role in the final differentiation of B-cells into Ig-secreting cells Involved in lymphocyte and monocyte differentiation. It induces myeloma and plasmacytoma growth and induces nerve cells differentiation Acts on B-cells, T-cells, hepatocytes, hematopoietic progenitor cells and cells of the CNS. Also acts as a myokine. It is discharged into the bloodstream after muscle contraction and acts to increase the breakdown of fats and to improve insulin resistance.
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) has many biological activities in vivo, and deregulation has been implicated in many disease processes. IL-6, a 185 amino acid polypeptide was refolded, purified and crystallized. The crystals diffracted to beyond 1.9 A and the structure was solved using single isomorphous replacement. The X-ray structure of IL-6 is composed of a four helix bundle linked by loops and an additional mini-helix. 157 out of 185 residues are well defined in the final structure, with 18 N-terminal and 8 A-B loop amino acids displaying no interpretable electron density. The three-dimensional structure has been used to construct a model of IL-6 interacting with the IL-6 receptor (alpha-chain) and gp130 (beta-chain) that gives new insight into the process of molecular recognition and signaling. Based on this model, we predict a fourth binding site on IL-6, a low affinity IL-6-IL-6 interaction, which may be necessary for the sequential assembly of a functional hexameric IL-6 receptor complex.
1.9 A crystal structure of interleukin 6: implications for a novel mode of receptor dimerization and signaling.,Somers W, Stahl M, Seehra JS EMBO J. 1997 Mar 3;16(5):989-97. PMID:9118960
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.