[ZBT16_HUMAN] Defects in ZBTB16 are the cause of skeletal defects genital hypoplasia and mental retardation (SGYMR) [MIM:612447]. A disorder characterized by mental retardation, craniofacial dysmorphism, microcephaly and short stature. Additional features include absence of the thumbs, hypoplasia of the radii and ulnae, additional vertebrae and ribs, retarded bone age and genital hypoplasia. Note=A chromosomal aberration involving ZBTB16 may be a cause of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Translocation t(11;17)(q32;q21) with RARA.
[ZBT16_HUMAN] Probable transcription factor. May play a role in myeloid maturation and in the development and/or maintenance of other differentiated tissues. Probable substrate-recognition component of an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex which mediates the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins.
The BTB domain (also known as the POZ domain) is an evolutionarily conserved protein-protein interaction motif found at the N terminus of 5-10% of C2H2-type zinc-finger transcription factors, as well as in some actin-associated proteins bearing the kelch motif. Many BTB proteins are transcriptional regulators that mediate gene expression through the control of chromatin conformation. In the human promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF) protein, the BTB domain has transcriptional repression activity, directs the protein to a nuclear punctate pattern, and interacts with components of the histone deacetylase complex. The association of the PLZF BTB domain with the histone deacetylase complex provides a mechanism of linking the transcription factor with enzymatic activities that regulate chromatin conformation. The crystal structure of the BTB domain of PLZF was determined at 1.9 A resolution and reveals a tightly intertwined dimer with an extensive hydrophobic interface. Approximately one-quarter of the monomer surface area is involved in the dimer intermolecular contact. These features are typical of obligate homodimers, and we expect the full-length PLZF protein to exist as a branched transcription factor with two C-terminal DNA-binding regions. A surface-exposed groove lined with conserved amino acids is formed at the dimer interface, suggestive of a peptide-binding site. This groove may represent the site of interaction of the PLZF BTB domain with nuclear corepressors or other nuclear proteins.
Crystal structure of the BTB domain from PLZF.,Ahmad KF, Engel CK, Prive GG Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Oct 13;95(21):12123-8. PMID:9770450
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Fischer S, Kohlhase J, Bohm D, Schweiger B, Hoffmann D, Heitmann M, Horsthemke B, Wieczorek D. Biallelic loss of function of the promyelocytic leukaemia zinc finger (PLZF) gene causes severe skeletal defects and genital hypoplasia. J Med Genet. 2008 Nov;45(11):731-7. doi: 10.1136/jmg.2008.059451. Epub 2008 Jul, 8. PMID:18611983 doi:10.1136/jmg.2008.059451
↑ Furukawa M, He YJ, Borchers C, Xiong Y. Targeting of protein ubiquitination by BTB-Cullin 3-Roc1 ubiquitin ligases. Nat Cell Biol. 2003 Nov;5(11):1001-7. Epub 2003 Oct 5. PMID:14528312 doi:10.1038/ncb1056
↑ Ahmad KF, Engel CK, Prive GG. Crystal structure of the BTB domain from PLZF. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Oct 13;95(21):12123-8. PMID:9770450