HUMAN HGPRTASE WITH TRANSITION STATE INHIBITOR
[HPRT_HUMAN] Defects in HPRT1 are the cause of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) [MIM:300322]. LNS is characterized by complete lack of enzymatic activity that results in hyperuricemia, choreoathetosis, mental retardation, and compulsive self-mutilation.          Defects in HPRT1 are the cause of gout HPRT-related (GOUT-HPRT) [MIM:300323]; also known as HPRT-related gout or Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome. Gout is characterized by partial enzyme activity and hyperuricemia.      [:]
[HPRT_HUMAN] Converts guanine to guanosine monophosphate, and hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate. Transfers the 5-phosphoribosyl group from 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate onto the purine. Plays a central role in the generation of purine nucleotides through the purine salvage pathway.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The structure of human HGPRT bound to the transition-state analog immucillinGP and Mg2+-pyrophosphate has been determined to 2.0 A resolution. ImmucillinGP was designed as a stable analog with the stereoelectronic features of the transition state. Bound inhibitor at the catalytic site indicates that the oxocarbenium ion of the transition state is stabilized by neighboring-group participation from MgPPi and O5'. A short hydrogen bond forms between Asp 137 and the purine ring analog. Two Mg2+ ions sandwich the pyrophosphate and contact both hydroxyls of the ribosyl analog. The transition-state analog is shielded from bulk solvent by a catalytic loop that moves approximately 25 A to cover the active site and becomes an ordered antiparallel beta-sheet.
The 2.0 A structure of human hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase in complex with a transition-state analog inhibitor.,Shi W, Li CM, Tyler PC, Furneaux RH, Grubmeyer C, Schramm VL, Almo SC Nat Struct Biol. 1999 Jun;6(6):588-93. PMID:10360366
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.