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|1ern, resolution 2.40Å ()|
NATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE EXTRACELLULAR DOMAIN OF ERYTHROPOIETIN (EPO) RECEPTOR [EBP]
Erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) is thought to be activated by ligand-induced homodimerization. However, structures of agonist and antagonist peptide complexes of EPOR, as well as an EPO-EPOR complex, have shown that the actual dimer configuration is critical for the biological response and signal efficiency. The crystal structure of the extracellular domain of EPOR in its unliganded form at 2.4 angstrom resolution has revealed a dimer in which the individual membrane-spanning and intracellular domains would be too far apart to permit phosphorylation by JAK2. This unliganded EPOR dimer is formed from self-association of the same key binding site residues that interact with EPO-mimetic peptide and EPO ligands. This model for a preformed dimer on the cell surface provides insights into the organization, activation, and plasticity of recognition of hematopoietic cell surface receptors.
Crystallographic evidence for preformed dimers of erythropoietin receptor before ligand activation., Livnah O, Stura EA, Middleton SA, Johnson DL, Jolliffe LK, Wilson IA, Science. 1999 Feb 12;283(5404):987-90. PMID:9974392
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[EPOR_HUMAN] Defects in EPOR are the cause of familial erythrocytosis type 1 (ECYT1) [MIM:133100]. ECYT1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by increased serum red blood cell mass, elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit, hypersensitivity of erythroid progenitors to erythropoietin, erythropoietin low serum levels, and no increase in platelets nor leukocytes. It has a relatively benign course and does not progress to leukemia.
[EPOR_HUMAN] Receptor for erythropoietin. Mediates erythropoietin-induced erythroblast proliferation and differentiation. Upon EPO stimulation, EPOR dimerizes triggering the JAK2/STAT5 signaling cascade. In some cell types, can also activate STAT1 and STAT3. May also activate the LYN tyrosine kinase. Isoform EPOR-T acts as a dominant-negative receptor of EPOR-mediated signaling.
About this Structure
- Livnah O, Stura EA, Middleton SA, Johnson DL, Jolliffe LK, Wilson IA. Crystallographic evidence for preformed dimers of erythropoietin receptor before ligand activation. Science. 1999 Feb 12;283(5404):987-90. PMID:9974392
- ↑ de la Chapelle A, Traskelin AL, Juvonen E. Truncated erythropoietin receptor causes dominantly inherited benign human erythrocytosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 May 15;90(10):4495-9. PMID:8506290
- ↑ Sokol L, Prchal JF, D'Andrea A, Rado TA, Prchal JT. Mutation in the negative regulatory element of the erythropoietin receptor gene in a case of sporadic primary polycythemia. Exp Hematol. 1994 May;22(5):447-53. PMID:8174675
- ↑ Le Couedic JP, Mitjavila MT, Villeval JL, Feger F, Gobert S, Mayeux P, Casadevall N, Vainchenker W. Missense mutation of the erythropoietin receptor is a rare event in human erythroid malignancies. Blood. 1996 Feb 15;87(4):1502-11. PMID:8608241