[FA7_HUMAN] Defects in F7 are the cause of factor VII deficiency (FA7D) [MIM:227500]. A hemorrhagic disease with variable presentation. The clinical picture can be very severe, with the early occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhages or repeated hemarthroses, or, in contrast, moderate with cutaneous-mucosal hemorrhages (epistaxis, menorrhagia) or hemorrhages provoked by a surgical intervention. Finally, numerous subjects are completely asymptomatic despite very low factor VII levels.
[FA7_HUMAN] Initiates the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Serine protease that circulates in the blood in a zymogen form. Factor VII is converted to factor VIIa by factor Xa, factor XIIa, factor IXa, or thrombin by minor proteolysis. In the presence of tissue factor and calcium ions, factor VIIa then converts factor X to factor Xa by limited proteolysis. Factor VIIa will also convert factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of tissue factor and calcium.
The first epidermal growth factor-like domain (EGF-1) from blood coagulation factor VII (FVII) contains two unusual O-linked glycosylation sites at Ser-52 and Ser-60. We report here a detailed study of the effect of O-fucosylation at Ser-60 on the structure of FVII EGF-1, its Ca2+-binding affinity, and its interaction with tissue factor (TF). The in vitro fucosylation of the nonglycosylated FVII EGF-1 was achieved by using O-fucosyltransferase purified from Chinese hamster ovary cells. Distance and dihedral constraints derived from NMR data were used to determine the solution structures of both nonglycosylated and fucosylated FVII EGF-1 in the presence of CaCl2. The overall structure of fucosylated FVII EGF-1 is very similar to the nonfucosylated form even for the residues near the fucosylation site. The Ca2+ dissociation constants (Kd) for the nonfucosylated and fucosylated FVII EGF-1 were found to be 16.4 +/- 1.8 and 8.6 +/- 1.4 mM, respectively. The FVII EGF-1 domain binds to the extracellular part of TF with a low affinity (Kd approximately 0. 6 mM), and the addition of fucose appears to have no effect on this affinity. These results indicate that the FVII EGF-1 alone cannot form a tight complex with TF and suggest that the high binding affinity of FVIIa for TF requires cooperative interaction among the four domains in FVII with TF. Although the fucose has no significant effect on the interaction between TF and the individual FVII EGF-1 domain, it may affect the interaction of full-length FVIIa with TF by influencing its Ca2+-binding affinity.
The effect of O-fucosylation on the first EGF-like domain from human blood coagulation factor VII.,Kao YH, Lee GF, Wang Y, Starovasnik MA, Kelley RF, Spellman MW, Lerner L Biochemistry. 1999 Jun 1;38(22):7097-110. PMID:10353820
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
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↑ Kao YH, Lee GF, Wang Y, Starovasnik MA, Kelley RF, Spellman MW, Lerner L. The effect of O-fucosylation on the first EGF-like domain from human blood coagulation factor VII. Biochemistry. 1999 Jun 1;38(22):7097-110. PMID:10353820 doi:10.1021/bi990234z