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1hry

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1hry, 1 NMR models ()
Related: 1hrz
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

THE 3D STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN SRY-DNA COMPLEX SOLVED BY MULTID-DIMENSIONAL HETERONUCLEAR-EDITED AND-FILTERED NMR

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The solution structure of the specific complex between the high mobility group (HMG) domain of SRY (hSRY-HMG), the protein encoded by the human testis-determining gene, and its DNA target site in the promoter of the mullerian inhibitory substance gene has been determined by multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. hSRY-HMG has a twisted L shape that presents a concave surface (made up of three helices and the N- and C-terminal strands) to the DNA for sequence-specific recognition. Binding of hSRY-HMG to its specific target site occurs exclusively in the minor groove and induces a large conformational change in the DNA. The DNA in the complex has an overall 70 degrees-80 degrees bend and is helically unwound relative to classical A- and B-DNA. The structure of the complex reveals the origin of sequence-specific binding within the HMG-1/HMG-2 family and provides a framework for understanding the effects of point mutations that cause 46X,Y sex reversal at the atomic level.

Molecular basis of human 46X,Y sex reversal revealed from the three-dimensional solution structure of the human SRY-DNA complex., Werner MH, Huth JR, Gronenborn AM, Clore GM, Cell. 1995 Jun 2;81(5):705-14. PMID:7774012

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[SRY_HUMAN] Defects in SRY are the cause of 46,XY sex reversal type 1 (SRXY1) [MIM:400044]. A condition characterized by male-to-female sex reversal in the presence of a normal 46,XY karyotype. Patients manifest rapid and early degeneration of their gonads, which are present in the adult as 'streak gonads', consisting mainly of fibrous tissue and variable amounts of ovarian stroma. As a result these patients do not develop secondary sexual characteristics at puberty. The external genitalia in these subjects are completely female, and Muellerian structures are normal.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][:][14][15][16][17][:][18][19][20][21][22][23] Note=A 45,X chromosomal aberration involving SRY is found in Turner syndrome, a disease characterized by gonadal dysgenesis with short stature, "streak gonads", variable abnormalities such as webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, cardiac defects, low posterior hair line. The phenotype is female. Defects in SRY are the cause of 46,XX sex reversal type 1 (SRXX1) [MIM:400045]. A condition in which male gonads develop in a genetic female (female to male sex reversal).[24][25]

Function

[SRY_HUMAN] Transcriptional regulator that controls a genetic switch in male development. It is necessary and sufficient for initiating male sex determination by directing the development of supporting cell precursors (pre-Sertoli cells) as Sertoli rather than granulosa cells (By similarity). In male adult brain involved in the maintenance of motor functions of dopaminergic neurons (By similarity). Involved in different aspects of gene regulation including promoter activation or repression (By similarity). Promotes DNA bending. SRY HMG box recognizes DNA by partial intercalation in the minor groove. Also involved in pre-mRNA splicing. Binds to the DNA consensus sequence 5'-[AT]AACAA[AT]-3'.[26][27][28][29]

About this Structure

1hry is a 3 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full experimental information is available from OCA.

Reference

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  • Cokol M, Nair R, Rost B. Finding nuclear localization signals. EMBO Rep. 2000 Nov;1(5):411-5. PMID:11258480 doi:10.1093/embo-reports/kvd092
  • Mahony S, Auron PE, Benos PV. DNA familial binding profiles made easy: comparison of various motif alignment and clustering strategies. PLoS Comput Biol. 2007 Mar 30;3(3):e61. Epub 2007 Feb 15. PMID:17397256 doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030061
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  2. Berta P, Hawkins JR, Sinclair AH, Taylor A, Griffiths BL, Goodfellow PN, Fellous M. Genetic evidence equating SRY and the testis-determining factor. Nature. 1990 Nov 29;348(6300):448-50. PMID:2247149 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/348448A0
  3. Affara NA, Chalmers IJ, Ferguson-Smith MA. Analysis of the SRY gene in 22 sex-reversed XY females identifies four new point mutations in the conserved DNA binding domain. Hum Mol Genet. 1993 Jun;2(6):785-9. PMID:8353496
  4. Vilain E, McElreavey K, Jaubert F, Raymond JP, Richaud F, Fellous M. Familial case with sequence variant in the testis-determining region associated with two sex phenotypes. Am J Hum Genet. 1992 May;50(5):1008-11. PMID:1570829
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  6. Hawkins JR, Taylor A, Berta P, Levilliers J, Van der Auwera B, Goodfellow PN. Mutational analysis of SRY: nonsense and missense mutations in XY sex reversal. Hum Genet. 1992 Feb;88(4):471-4. PMID:1339396
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  9. Zeng YT, Ren ZR, Zhang ML, Huang Y, Zeng FY, Huang SZ. A new de novo mutation (A113T) in HMG box of the SRY gene leads to XY gonadal dysgenesis. J Med Genet. 1993 Aug;30(8):655-7. PMID:8105086
  10. Poulat F, Soullier S, Goze C, Heitz F, Calas B, Berta P. Description and functional implications of a novel mutation in the sex-determining gene SRY. Hum Mutat. 1994;3(3):200-4. PMID:8019555 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.1380030305
  11. Haqq CM, King CY, Ukiyama E, Falsafi S, Haqq TN, Donahoe PK, Weiss MA. Molecular basis of mammalian sexual determination: activation of Mullerian inhibiting substance gene expression by SRY. Science. 1994 Dec 2;266(5190):1494-500. PMID:7985018
  12. Schmitt-Ney M, Thiele H, Kaltwasser P, Bardoni B, Cisternino M, Scherer G. Two novel SRY missense mutations reducing DNA binding identified in XY females and their mosaic fathers. Am J Hum Genet. 1995 Apr;56(4):862-9. PMID:7717397
  13. Hiort O, Gramss B, Klauber GT. True hermaphroditism with 46,XY karyotype and a point mutation in the SRY gene. J Pediatr. 1995 Jun;126(6):1022. PMID:7776083
  14. Scherer G, Held M, Erdel M, Meschede D, Horst J, Lesniewicz R, Midro AT. Three novel SRY mutations in XY gonadal dysgenesis and the enigma of XY gonadal dysgenesis cases without SRY mutations. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1998;80(1-4):188-92. PMID:9678356
  15. Domenice S, Yumie Nishi M, Correia Billerbeck AE, Latronico AC, Aparecida Medeiros M, Russell AJ, Vass K, Marino Carvalho F, Costa Frade EM, Prado Arnhold IJ, Bilharinho Mendonca B. A novel missense mutation (S18N) in the 5' non-HMG box region of the SRY gene in a patient with partial gonadal dysgenesis and his normal male relatives. Hum Genet. 1998 Feb;102(2):213-5. PMID:9521592
  16. Dork T, Stuhrmann M, Miller K, Schmidtke J. Independent observation of SRY mutation I90M in a patient with complete gonadal dysgenesis. Hum Mutat. 1998;11(1):90-1. PMID:9450909 doi:<90::AID-HUMU14>3.0.CO;2-U 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1998)11:1<90::AID-HUMU14>3.0.CO;2-U
  17. Imai A, Takagi A, Tamaya T. A novel sex-determining region on Y (SRY) missense mutation identified in a 46,XY female and also in the father. Endocr J. 1999 Oct;46(5):735-9. PMID:10670762
  18. Schaffler A, Barth N, Winkler K, Zietz B, Rummele P, Knuchel R, Scholmerich J, Palitzsch KD. Identification of a new missense mutation (Gly95Glu) in a highly conserved codon within the high-mobility group box of the sex-determining region Y gene: report on a 46,XY female with gonadal dysgenesis and yolk-sac tumor. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Jun;85(6):2287-92. PMID:10852465
  19. Canto P, de la Chesnaye E, Lopez M, Cervantes A, Chavez B, Vilchis F, Reyes E, Ulloa-Aguirre A, Kofman-Alfaro S, Mendez JP. A mutation in the 5' non-high mobility group box region of the SRY gene in patients with Turner syndrome and Y mosaicism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 May;85(5):1908-11. PMID:10843173
  20. Okuhara K, Tajima T, Nakae J, Fujieda K. A novel missense mutation in the HMG box region of the SRY gene in a Japanese patient with an XY sex reversal. J Hum Genet. 2000;45(2):112-4. PMID:10721678 doi:10.1007/s100380050026
  21. Jordan BK, Jain M, Natarajan S, Frasier SD, Vilain E. Familial mutation in the testis-determining gene SRY shared by an XY female and her normal father. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jul;87(7):3428-32. PMID:12107262
  22. Maier EM, Leitner C, Lohrs U, Kuhnle U. True hermaphroditism in an XY individual due to a familial point mutation of the SRY gene. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Apr-May;16(4):575-80. PMID:12793612
  23. Gimelli G, Gimelli S, Dimasi N, Bocciardi R, Di Battista E, Pramparo T, Zuffardi O. Identification and molecular modelling of a novel familial mutation in the SRY gene implicated in the pure gonadal dysgenesis. Eur J Hum Genet. 2007 Jan;15(1):76-80. Epub 2006 Oct 25. PMID:17063144 doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201719
  24. Inoue H, Nomura M, Yanase T, Ichino I, Goto K, Ikuyama S, Takayanagi R, Nawata H. A rare case of 46,XX true hermaphroditism with hidden mosaicism with sex-determining region Y chromosome-bearing cells in the gonads. Intern Med. 1998 May;37(5):467-71. PMID:9652903
  25. Margarit E, Coll MD, Oliva R, Gomez D, Soler A, Ballesta F. SRY gene transferred to the long arm of the X chromosome in a Y-positive XX true hermaphrodite. Am J Med Genet. 2000 Jan 3;90(1):25-8. PMID:10602113
  26. Ohe K, Lalli E, Sassone-Corsi P. A direct role of SRY and SOX proteins in pre-mRNA splicing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Feb 5;99(3):1146-51. Epub 2002 Jan 29. PMID:11818535 doi:10.1073/pnas.022645899
  27. Phillips NB, Nikolskaya T, Jancso-Radek A, Ittah V, Jiang F, Singh R, Haas E, Weiss MA. Sry-directed sex reversal in transgenic mice is robust with respect to enhanced DNA bending: comparison of human and murine HMG boxes. Biochemistry. 2004 Jun 8;43(22):7066-81. PMID:15170344 doi:10.1021/bi049920a
  28. Li B, Phillips NB, Jancso-Radek A, Ittah V, Singh R, Jones DN, Haas E, Weiss MA. SRY-directed DNA bending and human sex reversal: reassessment of a clinical mutation uncovers a global coupling between the HMG box and its tail. J Mol Biol. 2006 Jul 7;360(2):310-28. Epub 2006 May 9. PMID:16762365 doi:S0022-2836(06)00522-5
  29. Murphy EC, Zhurkin VB, Louis JM, Cornilescu G, Clore GM. Structural basis for SRY-dependent 46-X,Y sex reversal: modulation of DNA bending by a naturally occurring point mutation. J Mol Biol. 2001 Sep 21;312(3):481-99. PMID:11563911 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2001.4977

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