INTERLEUKIN-8, MUTANT WITH GLU 38 REPLACED BY CYS AND CYS 50 REPLACED BY ALA
[IL8_HUMAN] IL-8 is a chemotactic factor that attracts neutrophils, basophils, and T-cells, but not monocytes. It is also involved in neutrophil activation. It is released from several cell types in response to an inflammatory stimulus. IL-8(6-77) has a 5-10-fold higher activity on neutrophil activation, IL-8(5-77) has increased activity on neutrophil activation and IL-8(7-77) has a higher affinity to receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 as compared to IL-8(1-77), respectively.  
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The characteristic CXC chemokine disulfide core of interleukin-8 (IL-8) has been rearranged in a variant replacing the 9-50 disulfide with a 9-38 disulfide. The new variant has been characterized by its binding affinity to IL-8 receptors A and B and the erythrocyte receptor DARC. This variant binds the three receptors with affinities between 500- and 2,500-fold lower than wild-type IL-8. Binding affinity results are also reported for the variant with alanine substituted for both cysteines 9 and 50. The Glu38-->Cys/Cys50-->Ala IL-8 crystallizes in space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with cell parameters a = 46.4, b = 49.2, and c = 69.5 A, and has been refined to an R-value of 19.4% for data from 10 to 2 A resolution. Analysis of the structure confirms the new disulfide arrangement and suggests that changes at Ile10 may be the principal cause of the lowered affinities.
Structural change and receptor binding in a chemokine mutant with a rearranged disulfide: X-ray structure of E38C/C50AIL-8 at 2 A resolution.,Eigenbrot C, Lowman HB, Chee L, Artis DR Proteins. 1997 Apr;27(4):556-66. PMID:9141135
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.