[IL6_HUMAN] Genetic variations in IL6 are associated with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis systemic juvenile (RASJ) [MIM:604302]. An inflammatory articular disorder with systemic-onset beginning before the age of 16. It represents a subgroup of juvenile arthritis associated with severe extraarticular features and occasionally fatal complications. During active phases of the disorder, patients display a typical daily spiking fever, an evanescent macular rash, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, serositis, myalgia and arthritis. Note=A IL6 promoter polymorphism is associated with a lifetime risk of development of Kaposi sarcoma in HIV-infected men.
[IL6_HUMAN] Cytokine with a wide variety of biological functions. It is a potent inducer of the acute phase response. Plays an essential role in the final differentiation of B-cells into Ig-secreting cells Involved in lymphocyte and monocyte differentiation. It induces myeloma and plasmacytoma growth and induces nerve cells differentiation Acts on B-cells, T-cells, hepatocytes, hematopoietic progenitor cells and cells of the CNS. Also acts as a myokine. It is discharged into the bloodstream after muscle contraction and acts to increase the breakdown of fats and to improve insulin resistance.
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a 185 amino acid cytokine which exerts multiple biological effects in vivo and whose dysregulation underlies several disease processes. The solution structure of recombinant human interleukin-6 has now been determined using heteronuclear three and four-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. The structure of the molecule was determined using 3044 distance and torsion restraints derived by NMR spectroscopy to generate an ensemble of 32 structures using a combined distance geometry/simulated annealing protocol. The protein contains five alpha-helices interspersed with variable-length loops; four of these helices constitute a classical four-helix bundle with the fifth helix located in the CD loop. There were no distance violations greater than 0.3 A in any of the final 32 structures and the ensemble has an average-to-the-mean backbone root-mean-square deviation of 0.50 A for the core four-helix bundle. Although the amino-terminal 19 amino acids are disordered in solution, the remainder of the molecule has a well defined structure that shares many features displayed by other long-chain four-helix bundle cytokines. The high-resolution NMR structure of hIL-6 is used to rationalize available mutagenesis data in terms of a heteromeric receptor complex.
Solution structure of recombinant human interleukin-6.,Xu GY, Yu HA, Hong J, Stahl M, McDonagh T, Kay LE, Cumming DA J Mol Biol. 1997 May 2;268(2):468-81. PMID:9159484
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.