[IL1B_HUMAN] Produced by activated macrophages, IL-1 stimulates thymocyte proliferation by inducing IL-2 release, B-cell maturation and proliferation, and fibroblast growth factor activity. IL-1 proteins are involved in the inflammatory response, being identified as endogenous pyrogens, and are reported to stimulate the release of prostaglandin and collagenase from synovial cells.
The crystal structure at 1.54 A resolution of a double mutant of interleukin-1beta (F42W/W120F), a cytokine secreted by macrophages, was determined by multiple-wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD) using data from highly twinned selenomethionine-modified crystals. The space group is P4(3), with unit-cell parameters a = b = 53.9, c = 77.4 A. Self-rotation function analysis and various intensity statistics revealed the presence of merohedral twinning in crystals of both the native (twinning fraction alpha approximately 0.35) and SeMet (alpha approximately 0.40) forms. Structure determination and refinement are discussed with emphasis on the possible reasons for successful phasing using untreated twinned MAD data.
Use of multiple anomalous dispersion to phase highly merohedrally twinned crystals of interleukin-1beta.,Rudolph MG, Kelker MS, Schneider TR, Yeates TO, Oseroff V, Heidary DK, Jennings PA, Wilson IA Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2003 Feb;59(Pt 2):290-8. Epub 2003, Jan 23. PMID:12554939
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Van Damme J, De Ley M, Opdenakker G, Billiau A, De Somer P, Van Beeumen J. Homogeneous interferon-inducing 22K factor is related to endogenous pyrogen and interleukin-1. Nature. 1985 Mar 21-27;314(6008):266-8. PMID:3920526
↑ Rudolph MG, Kelker MS, Schneider TR, Yeates TO, Oseroff V, Heidary DK, Jennings PA, Wilson IA. Use of multiple anomalous dispersion to phase highly merohedrally twinned crystals of interleukin-1beta. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2003 Feb;59(Pt 2):290-8. Epub 2003, Jan 23. PMID:12554939