Crystal Structure Of Dictyostelium Discoideum Actin Complexed With Ca ATP And Human Gelsolin Segment 1
[GELS_HUMAN] Defects in GSN are the cause of amyloidosis type 5 (AMYL5) [MIM:105120]; also known as familial amyloidosis Finnish type. AMYL5 is a hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to gelsolin amyloid deposition. It is typically characterized by cranial neuropathy and lattice corneal dystrophy. Most patients have modest involvement of internal organs, but severe systemic disease can develop in some individuals causing peripheral polyneuropathy, amyloid cardiomyopathy, and nephrotic syndrome leading to renal failure.   
[GELS_HUMAN] Calcium-regulated, actin-modulating protein that binds to the plus (or barbed) ends of actin monomers or filaments, preventing monomer exchange (end-blocking or capping). It can promote the assembly of monomers into filaments (nucleation) as well as sever filaments already formed. Plays a role in ciliogenesis.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The structures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Dictyostelium, and Caenorhabditis elegans actin bound to gelsolin segment-1 have been solved and refined at resolutions between 1.9 and 1.75 A. These structures reveal several features relevant to the ATP hydrolytic mechanism, including identification of the nucleophilic water and the roles of Gln-137 and His-161 in positioning and activating the catalytic water, respectively. The involvement of these residues in the catalytic mechanism is consistent with yeast genetics studies. This work highlights both structural and mechanistic similarities with the small and trimeric G proteins and restricts the types of mechanisms responsible for the considerable enhancement of ATP hydrolysis associated with actin polymerization. The conservation of functionalities involved in nucleotide binding and catalysis also provide insights into the mechanistic features of members of the family of actin-related proteins.
The structure of nonvertebrate actin: implications for the ATP hydrolytic mechanism.,Vorobiev S, Strokopytov B, Drubin DG, Frieden C, Ono S, Condeelis J, Rubenstein PA, Almo SC Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 May 13;100(10):5760-5. Epub 2003 May 5. PMID:12732734
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.