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1pd6, 28 NMR models ()
Gene: MYBPC3 (Homo sapiens)
Related: 1gxe
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


The NMR structure of domain C2 of human cardiac Myosin Binding Protein C

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Myosin-binding protein C (MyBP-C) binds to myosin with two binding sites, one close to the N terminus and the other at the C terminus. Here we present the solution structure of one part of the N-terminal binding site, the third immunoglobulin domain of the cardiac isoform of human MyBP-C (cC2) together with a model of its interaction with myosin. Domain cC2 has the beta-sandwich structure expected from a member of the immunoglobulin fold. The C-terminal part of the structure of cC2 is very closely related to telokin, the myosin binding fragment of myosin light chain kinase. Domain cC2 also contains two cysteines on neighboring strands F and G, which would be able to form a disulfide bridge in a similar position as in telokin. Using NMR spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry we demonstrate that cC2 alone binds to a fragment of myosin, S2Delta, with low affinity (kD = 1.1 mM) but exhibits a highly specific binding site. This consists of the C-terminal surface of the C'CFGA' beta-sheet, which includes Glu(301), a residue mutated to Gln in the disease familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The binding site on S2 was identified by a combination of NMR binding experiments of cC2 with S2Delta containing the cardiomyopathy-linked mutation R870H and molecular modeling. This mutation lowers the binding affinity and changes the arrangement of side chains at the interface. Our model of the cC2-S2Delta complex gives a first glimpse of details of the MyBP-C-myosin interaction. Using this model we suggest that most key interactions are between polar amino acids, explaining why the mutations E301Q in cC2 and R870H in S2Delta could be involved in cardiomyopathy. We expect that this model will stimulate future research to further refine the details of this interaction and their importance for cardiomyopathy.

Dissecting the N-terminal myosin binding site of human cardiac myosin-binding protein C. Structure and myosin binding of domain C2., Ababou A, Gautel M, Pfuhl M, J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 23;282(12):9204-15. Epub 2006 Dec 27. PMID:17192269

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


[MYPC3_HUMAN] Defects in MYBPC3 are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 4 (CMH4) [MIM:115197]. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20]


[MYPC3_HUMAN] Thick filament-associated protein located in the crossbridge region of vertebrate striated muscle a bands. In vitro it binds MHC, F-actin and native thin filaments, and modifies the activity of actin-activated myosin ATPase. It may modulate muscle contraction or may play a more structural role.

About this Structure

1pd6 is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full experimental information is available from OCA.


  • Ababou A, Gautel M, Pfuhl M. Dissecting the N-terminal myosin binding site of human cardiac myosin-binding protein C. Structure and myosin binding of domain C2. J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 23;282(12):9204-15. Epub 2006 Dec 27. PMID:17192269 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M610899200
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  2. Carrier L, Bonne G, Bahrend E, Yu B, Richard P, Niel F, Hainque B, Cruaud C, Gary F, Labeit S, Bouhour JB, Dubourg O, Desnos M, Hagege AA, Trent RJ, Komajda M, Fiszman M, Schwartz K. Organization and sequence of human cardiac myosin binding protein C gene (MYBPC3) and identification of mutations predicted to produce truncated proteins in familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Circ Res. 1997 Mar;80(3):427-34. PMID:9048664
  3. Niimura H, Bachinski LL, Sangwatanaroj S, Watkins H, Chudley AE, McKenna W, Kristinsson A, Roberts R, Sole M, Maron BJ, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Mutations in the gene for cardiac myosin-binding protein C and late-onset familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. 1998 Apr 30;338(18):1248-57. PMID:9562578
  4. Yu B, French JA, Carrier L, Jeremy RW, McTaggart DR, Nicholson MR, Hambly B, Semsarian C, Richmond DR, Schwartz K, Trent RJ. Molecular pathology of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by mutations in the cardiac myosin binding protein C gene. J Med Genet. 1998 Mar;35(3):205-10. PMID:9541104
  5. Moolman-Smook JC, Mayosi B, Brink P, Corfield VA. Identification of a new missense mutation in MyBP-C associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Med Genet. 1998 Mar;35(3):253-4. PMID:9541115
  6. Maron BJ, Niimura H, Casey SA, Soper MK, Wright GB, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Development of left ventricular hypertrophy in adults in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene mutations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Aug;38(2):315-21. PMID:11499718
  7. Erdmann J, Raible J, Maki-Abadi J, Hummel M, Hammann J, Wollnik B, Frantz E, Fleck E, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Spectrum of clinical phenotypes and gene variants in cardiac myosin-binding protein C mutation carriers with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Aug;38(2):322-30. PMID:11499719
  8. Daehmlow S, Erdmann J, Knueppel T, Gille C, Froemmel C, Hummel M, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Novel mutations in sarcomeric protein genes in dilated cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Oct 18;298(1):116-20. PMID:12379228
  9. Niimura H, Patton KK, McKenna WJ, Soults J, Maron BJ, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Sarcomere protein gene mutations in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the elderly. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29;105(4):446-51. PMID:11815426
  10. Nanni L, Pieroni M, Chimenti C, Simionati B, Zimbello R, Maseri A, Frustaci A, Lanfranchi G. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: two homozygous cases with "typical" hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and three new mutations in cases with progression to dilated cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Sep 19;309(2):391-8. PMID:12951062
  11. Richard P, Charron P, Carrier L, Ledeuil C, Cheav T, Pichereau C, Benaiche A, Isnard R, Dubourg O, Burban M, Gueffet JP, Millaire A, Desnos M, Schwartz K, Hainque B, Komajda M. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: distribution of disease genes, spectrum of mutations, and implications for a molecular diagnosis strategy. Circulation. 2003 May 6;107(17):2227-32. Epub 2003 Apr 21. PMID:12707239 doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000066323.15244.54
  12. Erdmann J, Daehmlow S, Wischke S, Senyuva M, Werner U, Raible J, Tanis N, Dyachenko S, Hummel M, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Mutation spectrum in a large cohort of unrelated consecutive patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Genet. 2003 Oct;64(4):339-49. PMID:12974739
  13. Alders M, Jongbloed R, Deelen W, van den Wijngaard A, Doevendans P, Ten Cate F, Regitz-Zagrosek V, Vosberg HP, van Langen I, Wilde A, Dooijes D, Mannens M. The 2373insG mutation in the MYBPC3 gene is a founder mutation, which accounts for nearly one-fourth of the HCM cases in the Netherlands. Eur Heart J. 2003 Oct;24(20):1848-53. PMID:14563344
  14. Konno T, Shimizu M, Ino H, Matsuyama T, Yamaguchi M, Terai H, Hayashi K, Mabuchi T, Kiyama M, Sakata K, Hayashi T, Inoue M, Kaneda T, Mabuchi H. A novel missense mutation in the myosin binding protein-C gene is responsible for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with left ventricular dysfunction and dilation in elderly patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Mar 5;41(5):781-6. PMID:12628722
  15. Morner S, Richard P, Kazzam E, Hellman U, Hainque B, Schwartz K, Waldenstrom A. Identification of the genotypes causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in northern Sweden. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2003 Jul;35(7):841-9. PMID:12818575
  16. Andersen PS, Havndrup O, Bundgaard H, Larsen LA, Vuust J, Pedersen AK, Kjeldsen K, Christiansen M. Genetic and phenotypic characterization of mutations in myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3) in 81 families with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: total or partial haploinsufficiency. Eur J Hum Genet. 2004 Aug;12(8):673-7. PMID:15114369 doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201190
  17. Van Driest SL, Vasile VC, Ommen SR, Will ML, Tajik AJ, Gersh BJ, Ackerman MJ. Myosin binding protein C mutations and compound heterozygosity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Nov 2;44(9):1903-10. PMID:15519027 doi:S0735-1097(04)01614-6
  18. Song L, Zou Y, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhen Y, Lou K, Zhang Q, Wang X, Wang H, Li J, Hui R. Mutations profile in Chinese patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Chim Acta. 2005 Jan;351(1-2):209-16. PMID:15563892 doi:10.1016/j.cccn.2004.09.016
  19. Ingles J, Doolan A, Chiu C, Seidman J, Seidman C, Semsarian C. Compound and double mutations in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: implications for genetic testing and counselling. J Med Genet. 2005 Oct;42(10):e59. PMID:16199542 doi:10.1136/jmg.2005.033886
  20. Morita H, Rehm HL, Menesses A, McDonough B, Roberts AE, Kucherlapati R, Towbin JA, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Shared genetic causes of cardiac hypertrophy in children and adults. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 1;358(18):1899-908. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa075463. Epub 2008, Apr 9. PMID:18403758 doi:10.1056/NEJMoa075463

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