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|1pn2, resolution 1.95Å ()|
|Gene:||FOX2 (Candida tropicalis)|
Crystal structure analysis of the selenomethionine labelled 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 domain of Candida tropicalis multifunctional enzyme type 2
2-Enoyl-CoA hydratase 2, a part from multifunctional enzyme type 2, hydrates trans-2-enoyl-CoA to 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA in the (3R)-hydroxy-dependent route of peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids. Unliganded and (3R)-hydroxydecanoyl coenzyme A-complexed crystal structures of 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 from Candida tropicalis multifunctional enzyme type 2 were solved to 1.95- and 2.35-A resolution, respectively. 2-Enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 is a dimeric, alpha+beta protein with a novel quaternary structure. The overall structure of the two-domain subunit of eukaryotic 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 resembles the homodimeric, hot dog fold structures of prokaryotic (R)-specific 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase and beta-hydroxydecanoyl thiol ester dehydrase. Importantly, though, the eukaryotic hydratase 2 has a complete hot dog fold only in its C-domain, whereas the N-domain lacks a long central alpha-helix, thus creating space for bulkier substrates in the binding pocket and explaining the observed difference in substrate preference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic enzymes. Although the N- and C-domains have an identity of <10% at the amino acid level, they share a 50% identity at the nucleotide level and fold similarly. We suggest that a subunit of 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 has evolved via a gene duplication with the concomitant loss of one catalytic site. The hydrogen bonding network of the active site of 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 resembles the active site geometry of mitochondrial (S)-specific 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 1, although in a mirror image fashion. This arrangement allows the reaction to occur by similar mechanism, supported by mutagenesis and mechanistic studies, although via reciprocal stereochemistry.
A two-domain structure of one subunit explains unique features of eukaryotic hydratase 2., Koski MK, Haapalainen AM, Hiltunen JK, Glumoff T, J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 4;279(23):24666-72. Epub 2004 Mar 29. PMID:15051722
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.