First time at Proteopedia? Click on the green links: they change the 3D image. Click and drag the molecules. Proteopedia is a 3D, interactive encyclopedia of proteins, RNA, DNA and other molecules. With a free user account, you can edit pages in Proteopedia. Visit the Main Page to learn more.


From Proteopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
1q4v, resolution 2.00Å ()
Ligands: ,
Non-Standard Residues:
Related: 1trz
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Publication Abstract from PubMed

The crystal structure of an inactive chiral analogue of insulin containing nonstandard substitution allo-Ile(A2) is described at 2.0 A resolution. In native insulin, the invariant Ile(A2) side chain anchors the N-terminal alpha-helix of the A-chain to the hydrophobic core. The structure of the variant protein was determined by molecular replacement as a T(3)R(3) zinc hexamer. Whereas respective T- and R-state main-chain structures are similar to those of native insulin (main-chain root-mean-square deviations (RMSD) of 0.45 and 0.54 A, respectively), differences in core packing are observed near the variant side chain. The R-state core resembles that of the native R-state with a local inversion of A2 orientation (core side chain RMSD 0.75 A excluding A2); in the T-state, allo-Ile(A2) exhibits an altered conformation in association with the reorganization of the surrounding side chains (RMSD 0.98 A). Surprisingly, the core of the R-state is similar to that observed in solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of an engineered T-like monomer containing the same chiral substitution (allo-Ile(A2)-DKP-insulin; Xu, B., Hua, Q. X., Nakagawa, S. H., Jia, W., Chu, Y. C., Katsoyannis, P. G., and Weiss, M. A. (2002) J. Mol. Biol. 316, 435-441). Simulation of NOESY spectra based on crystallographic protomers enables the analysis of similarities and differences in solution. The different responses of the T- and R-state cores to chiral perturbation illustrates both their intrinsic plasticity and constraints imposed by hexamer assembly. Although variant T- and R-protomers retain nativelike protein surfaces, the receptor-binding activity of allo-Ile(A2)-insulin is low (2% relative to native insulin). This seeming paradox suggests that insulin undergoes a change in conformation to expose Ile(A2) at the hormone-receptor interface.

Crystal structure of allo-Ile(A2)-insulin, an inactive chiral analogue: implications for the mechanism of receptor binding., Wan ZL, Xu B, Chu YC, Katsoyannis PG, Weiss MA, Biochemistry. 2003 Nov 11;42(44):12770-83. PMID:14596591

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

1q4v is a 4 chain structure. This structure supersedes the now removed PDB entries and 1lw8. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also


  • Wan ZL, Xu B, Chu YC, Katsoyannis PG, Weiss MA. Crystal structure of allo-Ile(A2)-insulin, an inactive chiral analogue: implications for the mechanism of receptor binding. Biochemistry. 2003 Nov 11;42(44):12770-83. PMID:14596591 doi:10.1021/bi034430o

Proteopedia Page Contributors and Editors (what is this?)


Personal tools