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1re3

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1re3, resolution 2.45Å ()
Ligands: ,
Gene: FGA (Homo sapiens), FGB (Homo sapiens), FGG (Homo sapiens)
Related: 1lt9, 1ltj, 1fzc, 1fza, 1fzf, 1fzg, 1re4, 1rf0, 1rf1
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Crystal Structure of Fragment D of BbetaD398A Fibrinogen with the Peptide Ligand Gly-His-Arg-Pro-Amide

Publication Abstract from PubMed

We synthesized three fibrinogen variants, BbetaE397A, BbetaD398A, and BbetaD432A, with substitutions at positions identified in crystallographic studies as critical for binding the "B" peptide, Gly-His-Arg-Pro-amide (GHRPam), to the "b" polymerization site. We examined thrombin- and batroxobin-catalyzed polymerization by turbidity measurements and found that BbetaE397A and BbetaD398A were impaired while BbetaD432A was normal. Changes in polymerization as a function of calcium were similar for variant and normal fibrinogens. We determined crystal structures of fragment D from the variant BbetaD398A in the absence and presence of GHRPam. In the absence of peptide, the structure showed that the alanine substitution altered only specific local interactions, as alignment of the variant structure with the analogous normal structure resulted in an RMSD of 0.53 A over all atoms. The structure also showed reduced occupancy of the beta2 calcium-binding site that includes the side chain carbonyl of BbetaD398, suggesting that calcium was not bound at this site in our polymerization studies. In the presence of peptide, the structure showed that GHRPam was not bound in the "b" site and the conformational changes associated with peptide binding to normal fragment D did not occur. This structure also showed GHRPam bound in the "a" polymerization site, although in two different conformations. Calcium binding was associated with only one of these conformations, suggesting that calcium binding to the gamma2-site and an alternative peptide conformation were induced by crystal packing. We conclude that BbetaE397 and BbetaD398 are essential for the "B:b" interaction, while BbetaD432 is not.

B beta Glu397 and B beta Asp398 but not B beta Asp432 are required for "B:b" interactions., Kostelansky MS, Bolliger-Stucki B, Betts L, Gorkun OV, Lord ST, Biochemistry. 2004 Mar 9;43(9):2465-74. PMID:14992584

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[FIBA_HUMAN] Defects in FGA are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=The majority of cases of afibrinogenemia are due to truncating mutations. Variations in position Arg-35 (the site of cleavage of fibrinopeptide a by thrombin) leads to alpha-dysfibrinogenemias. Defects in FGA are a cause of amyloidosis type 8 (AMYL8) [MIM:105200]; also known as systemic non-neuropathic amyloidosis or Ostertag-type amyloidosis. AMYL8 is a hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to deposition of apolipoprotein A1, fibrinogen and lysozyme amyloids. Viscera are particularly affected. There is no involvement of the nervous system. Clinical features include renal amyloidosis resulting in nephrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, cholestasis, petechial skin rash.[1] [FIBG_HUMAN] Defects in FGG are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding. [FIBB_HUMAN] Defects in FGB are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding.

Function

[FIBA_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. [FIBG_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. [FIBB_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation.

About this Structure

1re3 is a 8 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Kostelansky MS, Bolliger-Stucki B, Betts L, Gorkun OV, Lord ST. B beta Glu397 and B beta Asp398 but not B beta Asp432 are required for "B:b" interactions. Biochemistry. 2004 Mar 9;43(9):2465-74. PMID:14992584 doi:10.1021/bi035996f
  1. Benson MD, Liepnieks J, Uemichi T, Wheeler G, Correa R. Hereditary renal amyloidosis associated with a mutant fibrinogen alpha-chain. Nat Genet. 1993 Mar;3(3):252-5. PMID:8097946 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng0393-252

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