The crystal structure of human platelet factor 4 (PF4) has been solved to a resolution of 2.4 A by molecular replacement and refined to an R-factor of 24.1%. The structure consists of four polypeptide chains which form a tetrameric unit. N-terminal residues, previously defined as a random coil or extended loop region, form antiparallel beta-sheet-like structures that form noncovalent associations between dimers. These antiparallel beta-sheet-like structures are positioned lateral to the beta-bilayer motif and stabilize the tetrameric unit. A positively charged ring of lysine and arginine side chains encircles the PF4 tetramer sphere, presenting multiple potential sites and orientations for heparin binding. The electrostatic interactions of multiply charged amino acid side chains and hydrogen bonding interactions at the AB/CD dimer interface serve to stabilize the tetrameric structure further.
Crystal structure of recombinant human platelet factor 4.,Zhang X, Chen L, Bancroft DP, Lai CK, Maione TE Biochemistry. 1994 Jul 12;33(27):8361-6. PMID:8031770
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Zhang X, Chen L, Bancroft DP, Lai CK, Maione TE. Crystal structure of recombinant human platelet factor 4. Biochemistry. 1994 Jul 12;33(27):8361-6. PMID:8031770