[VINC_HUMAN] Defects in VCL are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1W (CMD1W) [MIM:611407]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. Defects in VCL are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 15 (CMH15) [MIM:613255]. It is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
[VINC_HUMAN] Actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein involved in cell-matrix adhesion and cell-cell adhesion. Regulates cell-surface E-cadherin expression and potentiates mechanosensing by the E-cadherin complex. May also play important roles in cell morphology and locomotion. [TLN1_HUMAN] Probably involved in connections of major cytoskeletal structures to the plasma membrane. High molecular weight cytoskeletal protein concentrated at regions of cell-substratum contact and, in lymphocytes, at cell-cell contacts (By similarity).
Talin interactions with vinculin are essential for focal adhesions. Curiously, talin contains three noncontiguous vinculin binding sites (VBS) that can bind individually to the vinculin head (Vh) domain. Here we report the crystal structure of the human Vh.VBS1 complex, a validated model of the Vh.VBS2 structure, and biochemical studies that demonstrate that all of talin VBSs activate vinculin by provoking helical bundle conversion of the Vh domain, which displaces the vinculin tail (Vt) domain. Thus, helical bundle conversion is a structurally conserved response in talin-vinculin interactions. Furthermore, talin VBSs bind to Vh in a mutually exclusive manner but do differ in their affinity for Vh and in their ability to displace Vt, suggesting that the strengths of these interactions could lead to differences in signaling outcome. These findings support a model in which talin binds to and activates multiple vinculin molecules to provoke rapid reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton.
Structural basis for amplifying vinculin activation by talin.,Izard T, Vonrhein C J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 25;279(26):27667-78. Epub 2004 Apr 7. PMID:15070891
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Olson TM, Illenberger S, Kishimoto NY, Huttelmaier S, Keating MT, Jockusch BM. Metavinculin mutations alter actin interaction in dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29;105(4):431-7. PMID:11815424
↑ Vasile VC, Will ML, Ommen SR, Edwards WD, Olson TM, Ackerman MJ. Identification of a metavinculin missense mutation, R975W, associated with both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Mol Genet Metab. 2006 Feb;87(2):169-74. Epub 2005 Oct 19. PMID:16236538 doi:S1096-7192(05)00258-1
↑ Vasile VC, Ommen SR, Edwards WD, Ackerman MJ. A missense mutation in a ubiquitously expressed protein, vinculin, confers susceptibility to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Jul 7;345(3):998-1003. Epub 2006 May 4. PMID:16712796 doi:S0006-291X(06)00981-8
↑ Le Clainche C, Dwivedi SP, Didry D, Carlier MF. Vinculin is a dually regulated actin filament barbed end-capping and side-binding protein. J Biol Chem. 2010 Jul 23;285(30):23420-32. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.102830. Epub, 2010 May 18. PMID:20484056 doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.102830
↑ Izard T, Vonrhein C. Structural basis for amplifying vinculin activation by talin. J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 25;279(26):27667-78. Epub 2004 Apr 7. PMID:15070891 doi:10.1074/jbc.M403076200