[VINC_HUMAN] Defects in VCL are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1W (CMD1W) [MIM:611407]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. Defects in VCL are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 15 (CMH15) [MIM:613255]. It is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
[VINC_HUMAN] Actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein involved in cell-matrix adhesion and cell-cell adhesion. Regulates cell-surface E-cadherin expression and potentiates mechanosensing by the E-cadherin complex. May also play important roles in cell morphology and locomotion.
Alterations in the actin cytoskeleton following the formation of cell-matrix and cell-cell junctions are orchestrated by vinculin. Vinculin associates with a large number of cytoskeletal and signaling proteins, and this flexibility is thought to contribute to rapid dissociation and reassociations of adhesion complexes. Intramolecular interactions between vinculin's head (Vh) and tail (Vt) domains limit access of its binding sites for other adhesion proteins. While the crystal structures of the Vh and Vt domains are known, these domains represent less than half of the entire protein and are separated by a large central region of unknown structure and function. Here we report the crystal structure of human full-length vinculin to 2.85 A resolution. In its resting state, vinculin is a loosely packed collection of alpha-helical bundles held together by Vh-Vt interactions. The three new well ordered alpha-helical bundle domains are similar in their structure to either Vh (Vh2 and Vh3) or to Vt (Vt2) and their loose packing provides the necessary flexibility that allows vinculin to interact with its various protein partners at sites of cell adhesion.
Crystal structure of human vinculin.,Borgon RA, Vonrhein C, Bricogne G, Bois PR, Izard T Structure. 2004 Jul;12(7):1189-97. Epub 2004 Jun 3. PMID:15242595
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Olson TM, Illenberger S, Kishimoto NY, Huttelmaier S, Keating MT, Jockusch BM. Metavinculin mutations alter actin interaction in dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29;105(4):431-7. PMID:11815424
↑ Vasile VC, Will ML, Ommen SR, Edwards WD, Olson TM, Ackerman MJ. Identification of a metavinculin missense mutation, R975W, associated with both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Mol Genet Metab. 2006 Feb;87(2):169-74. Epub 2005 Oct 19. PMID:16236538 doi:S1096-7192(05)00258-1
↑ Vasile VC, Ommen SR, Edwards WD, Ackerman MJ. A missense mutation in a ubiquitously expressed protein, vinculin, confers susceptibility to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Jul 7;345(3):998-1003. Epub 2006 May 4. PMID:16712796 doi:S0006-291X(06)00981-8
↑ Le Clainche C, Dwivedi SP, Didry D, Carlier MF. Vinculin is a dually regulated actin filament barbed end-capping and side-binding protein. J Biol Chem. 2010 Jul 23;285(30):23420-32. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.102830. Epub, 2010 May 18. PMID:20484056 doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.102830
↑ Borgon RA, Vonrhein C, Bricogne G, Bois PR, Izard T. Crystal structure of human vinculin. Structure. 2004 Jul;12(7):1189-97. Epub 2004 Jun 3. PMID:15242595 doi:10.1016/j.str.2004.05.009