Crystal structure of human full-length vinculin (residues 1-1066)
[VINC_HUMAN] Defects in VCL are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1W (CMD1W) [MIM:611407]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death.  Defects in VCL are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 15 (CMH15) [MIM:613255]. It is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
[VINC_HUMAN] Actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein involved in cell-matrix adhesion and cell-cell adhesion. Regulates cell-surface E-cadherin expression and potentiates mechanosensing by the E-cadherin complex. May also play important roles in cell morphology and locomotion.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Alterations in the actin cytoskeleton following the formation of cell-matrix and cell-cell junctions are orchestrated by vinculin. Vinculin associates with a large number of cytoskeletal and signaling proteins, and this flexibility is thought to contribute to rapid dissociation and reassociations of adhesion complexes. Intramolecular interactions between vinculin's head (Vh) and tail (Vt) domains limit access of its binding sites for other adhesion proteins. While the crystal structures of the Vh and Vt domains are known, these domains represent less than half of the entire protein and are separated by a large central region of unknown structure and function. Here we report the crystal structure of human full-length vinculin to 2.85 A resolution. In its resting state, vinculin is a loosely packed collection of alpha-helical bundles held together by Vh-Vt interactions. The three new well ordered alpha-helical bundle domains are similar in their structure to either Vh (Vh2 and Vh3) or to Vt (Vt2) and their loose packing provides the necessary flexibility that allows vinculin to interact with its various protein partners at sites of cell adhesion.
Crystal structure of human vinculin.,Borgon RA, Vonrhein C, Bricogne G, Bois PR, Izard T Structure. 2004 Jul;12(7):1189-97. Epub 2004 Jun 3. PMID:15242595
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.