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The Structure of Human Erythrocyte NADH-cytochrome b5 Reductase
[NB5R3_HUMAN] Recessive hereditary methemoglobinemia type 2;Recessive hereditary methemoglobinemia type 1. The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
[NB5R3_HUMAN] Desaturation and elongation of fatty acids, cholesterol biosynthesis, drug metabolism, and, in erythrocyte, methemoglobin reduction.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Erythrocyte NADH-cytochrome b(5) reductase reduces methaemoglobin to functional haemoglobin. In order to examine the function of the enzyme, the structure of NADH-cytochrome b(5) reductase from human erythrocytes has been determined and refined by X-ray crystallography. At 1.75 A resolution, the root-mean-square deviations (r.m.s.d.) from standard bond lengths and angles are 0.006 A and 1.03 degrees , respectively. The molecular structure was compared with those of rat NADH-cytochrome b(5) reductase and corn nitrate reductase. The human reductase resembles the rat reductase in overall structure as well as in many side chains. Nevertheless, there is a large main-chain shift from the human reductase to the rat reductase or the corn reductase caused by a single-residue replacement from proline to threonine. A model of the complex between cytochrome b(5) and the human reductase has been built and compared with that of the haem-containing domain of the nitrate reductase molecule. The interaction between cytochrome b(5) and the human reductase differs from that of the nitrate reductase because of differences in the amino-acid sequences. The structures around 15 mutation sites of the human reductase have been examined for the influence of residue substitutions using the program ROTAMER. Five mutations in the FAD-binding domain seem to be related to cytochrome b(5).
Structure of human erythrocyte NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase.,Bando S, Takano T, Yubisui T, Shirabe K, Takeshita M, Nakagawa A Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2004 Nov;60(Pt 11):1929-34. Epub 2004, Oct 20. PMID:15502298
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.