X-RAY STUDY OF RECOMBINANT HUMAN SERUM ALBUMIN. PHASES DETERMINED BY MOLECULAR REPLACEMENT METHOD, USING LOW RESOLUTION STRUCTURE MODEL OF TETRAGONAL FORM OF HUMAN SERUM ALBUMIN
[ALBU_HUMAN] Defects in ALB are a cause of familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) [MIM:103600]. FDH is a form of euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia that is due to increased affinity of ALB for T(4). It is the most common cause of inherited euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia in Caucasian population.   
[ALBU_HUMAN] Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The three-dimensional structure of human serum albumin has been determined crystallographically to a resolution of 2.8 A. It comprises three homologous domains that assemble to form a heart-shaped molecule. Each domain is a product of two subdomains that possess common structural motifs. The principal regions of ligand binding to human serum albumin are located in hydrophobic cavities in subdomains IIA and IIIA, which exhibit similar chemistry. The structure explains numerous physical phenomena and should provide insight into future pharmacokinetic and genetically engineered therapeutic applications of serum albumin.
Atomic structure and chemistry of human serum albumin.,He XM, Carter DC Nature. 1992 Jul 16;358(6383):209-15. PMID:1630489
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.