[FA7_HUMAN] Defects in F7 are the cause of factor VII deficiency (FA7D) [MIM:227500]. A hemorrhagic disease with variable presentation. The clinical picture can be very severe, with the early occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhages or repeated hemarthroses, or, in contrast, moderate with cutaneous-mucosal hemorrhages (epistaxis, menorrhagia) or hemorrhages provoked by a surgical intervention. Finally, numerous subjects are completely asymptomatic despite very low factor VII levels.                       
[FA7_HUMAN] Initiates the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Serine protease that circulates in the blood in a zymogen form. Factor VII is converted to factor VIIa by factor Xa, factor XIIa, factor IXa, or thrombin by minor proteolysis. In the presence of tissue factor and calcium ions, factor VIIa then converts factor X to factor Xa by limited proteolysis. Factor VIIa will also convert factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of tissue factor and calcium. [TF_HUMAN] Initiates blood coagulation by forming a complex with circulating factor VII or VIIa. The [TF:VIIa] complex activates factors IX or X by specific limited protolysis. TF plays a role in normal hemostasis by initiating the cell-surface assembly and propagation of the coagulation protease cascade.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Proof of concept experiments have shown that tissue factor/factor VIIa inhibitors have antithrombotic activity without enhancing bleeding propensity. Starting from lead compounds generated by a biased combinatorial approach, phenylglycine amide tissue factor/factor VIIa inhibitors with low nanomolar affinity and good selectivity against other serine proteases of the coagulation cascade were designed, using the guidance of X-ray structural analysis and molecular modelling.
Design of selective phenylglycine amide tissue factor/factor VIIa inhibitors.,Groebke Zbinden K, Banner DW, Ackermann J, D'Arcy A, Kirchhofer D, Ji YH, Tschopp TB, Wallbaum S, Weber L Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2005 Feb 1;15(3):817-22. PMID:15664864
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.