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|1xpa, 1 NMR models ()|
SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE DNA-AND RPA-BINDING DOMAIN OF THE HUMAN REPAIR FACTOR XPA, NMR, 1 STRUCTURE
The solution structure of the central domain of the human nucleotide excision repair protein XPA, which binds to damaged DNA and replication protein A (RPA), was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The central domain consists of a zinc-containing subdomain and a C-terminal subdomain. The zinc-containing subdomain has a compact globular structure and is distinct from the zinc-fingers found in transcription factors. The C-terminal subdomain folds into a novel alpha/beta structure with a positively charged superficial cleft. From the NMR spectra of the complexes, DNA and RPA binding surfaces are suggested.
Solution structure of the DNA- and RPA-binding domain of the human repair factor XPA., Ikegami T, Kuraoka I, Saijo M, Kodo N, Kyogoku Y, Morikawa K, Tanaka K, Shirakawa M, Nat Struct Biol. 1998 Aug;5(8):701-6. PMID:9699634
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[XPA_HUMAN] Defects in XPA are a cause of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A (XP-A) [MIM:278700]; also known as xeroderma pigmentosum type 1 (XP1). XP-A is a rare human autosomal recessive disease characterized by solar sensitivity, high predisposition for developing cancers on areas exposed to sunlight and, in some cases, neurological abnormalities. Group A patients show the most severe skin symptoms and progressive neurological disorders.
[XPA_HUMAN] Involved in DNA excision repair. Initiates repair by binding to damaged sites with various affinities, depending on the photoproduct and the transcriptional state of the region. Required for UV-induced CHEK1 phosphorylation and the recruitment of CEP164 to cyclobutane pyrimidine dimmers (CPD), sites of DNA damage after UV irradiation.
About this Structure
- Ikegami T, Kuraoka I, Saijo M, Kodo N, Kyogoku Y, Morikawa K, Tanaka K, Shirakawa M. Solution structure of the DNA- and RPA-binding domain of the human repair factor XPA. Nat Struct Biol. 1998 Aug;5(8):701-6. PMID:9699634 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/1400
- Shortle D. Composites of local structure propensities: evidence for local encoding of long-range structure. Protein Sci. 2002 Jan;11(1):18-26. PMID:11742118
- ↑ Satokata I, Tanaka K, Okada Y. Molecular basis of group A xeroderma pigmentosum: a missense mutation and two deletions located in a zinc finger consensus sequence of the XPAC gene. Hum Genet. 1992 Mar;88(6):603-7. PMID:1339397
- ↑ Satokata I, Tanaka K, Yuba S, Okada Y. Identification of splicing mutations of the last nucleotides of exons, a nonsense mutation, and a missense mutation of the XPAC gene as causes of group A xeroderma pigmentosum. Mutat Res. 1992 Mar;273(2):203-12. PMID:1372103
- ↑ States JC, McDuffie ER, Myrand SP, McDowell M, Cleaver JE. Distribution of mutations in the human xeroderma pigmentosum group A gene and their relationships to the functional regions of the DNA damage recognition protein. Hum Mutat. 1998;12(2):103-13. PMID:9671271 doi:<103::AID-HUMU5>3.0.CO;2-6 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1998)12:2<103::AID-HUMU5>3.0.CO;2-6
- ↑ Pan YR, Lee EY. UV-dependent interaction between Cep164 and XPA mediates localization of Cep164 at sites of DNA damage and UV sensitivity. Cell Cycle. 2009 Feb 15;8(4):655-64. Epub 2009 Feb 14. PMID:19197159