[XPA_HUMAN] Defects in XPA are a cause of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A (XP-A) [MIM:278700]; also known as xeroderma pigmentosum type 1 (XP1). XP-A is a rare human autosomal recessive disease characterized by solar sensitivity, high predisposition for developing cancers on areas exposed to sunlight and, in some cases, neurological abnormalities. Group A patients show the most severe skin symptoms and progressive neurological disorders.
[XPA_HUMAN] Involved in DNA excision repair. Initiates repair by binding to damaged sites with various affinities, depending on the photoproduct and the transcriptional state of the region. Required for UV-induced CHEK1 phosphorylation and the recruitment of CEP164 to cyclobutane pyrimidine dimmers (CPD), sites of DNA damage after UV irradiation.
The solution structure of the central domain of the human nucleotide excision repair protein XPA, which binds to damaged DNA and replication protein A (RPA), was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The central domain consists of a zinc-containing subdomain and a C-terminal subdomain. The zinc-containing subdomain has a compact globular structure and is distinct from the zinc-fingers found in transcription factors. The C-terminal subdomain folds into a novel alpha/beta structure with a positively charged superficial cleft. From the NMR spectra of the complexes, DNA and RPA binding surfaces are suggested.
Solution structure of the DNA- and RPA-binding domain of the human repair factor XPA.,Ikegami T, Kuraoka I, Saijo M, Kodo N, Kyogoku Y, Morikawa K, Tanaka K, Shirakawa M Nat Struct Biol. 1998 Aug;5(8):701-6. PMID:9699634
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Satokata I, Tanaka K, Okada Y. Molecular basis of group A xeroderma pigmentosum: a missense mutation and two deletions located in a zinc finger consensus sequence of the XPAC gene. Hum Genet. 1992 Mar;88(6):603-7. PMID:1339397
↑ Satokata I, Tanaka K, Yuba S, Okada Y. Identification of splicing mutations of the last nucleotides of exons, a nonsense mutation, and a missense mutation of the XPAC gene as causes of group A xeroderma pigmentosum. Mutat Res. 1992 Mar;273(2):203-12. PMID:1372103
↑ Pan YR, Lee EY. UV-dependent interaction between Cep164 and XPA mediates localization of Cep164 at sites of DNA damage and UV sensitivity. Cell Cycle. 2009 Feb 15;8(4):655-64. Epub 2009 Feb 14. PMID:19197159
↑ Ikegami T, Kuraoka I, Saijo M, Kodo N, Kyogoku Y, Morikawa K, Tanaka K, Shirakawa M. Solution structure of the DNA- and RPA-binding domain of the human repair factor XPA. Nat Struct Biol. 1998 Aug;5(8):701-6. PMID:9699634 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/1400