[VINC_HUMAN] Defects in VCL are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1W (CMD1W) [MIM:611407]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. Defects in VCL are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 15 (CMH15) [MIM:613255]. It is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
[VINC_HUMAN] Actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein involved in cell-matrix adhesion and cell-cell adhesion. Regulates cell-surface E-cadherin expression and potentiates mechanosensing by the E-cadherin complex. May also play important roles in cell morphology and locomotion.
Alpha-actinin and vinculin orchestrate reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton following the formation of adhesion junctions. alpha-Actinin interacts with vinculin through the binding of an alpha-helix (alphaVBS) present within the R4 spectrin repeat of its central rod domain to vinculin's N-terminal seven-helical bundle domain (Vh1). The Vh1:alphaVBS structure suggests that alphaVBS first unravels from its buried location in the triple-helical R4 repeat to allow it to bind to vinculin. alphaVBS binding then induces novel conformational changes in the N-terminal helical bundle of Vh1, which disrupt its intramolecular association with vinculin's tail domain and which differ from the alterations in Vh1 provoked by the binding of talin. Surprisingly, alphaVBS binds to Vh1 in an inverted orientation compared to the binding of talin's VBSs to vinculin. Importantly, the binding of alphaVBS and talin's VBSs to vinculin's Vh1 domain appear to also trigger distinct conformational changes in full-length vinculin, opening up distant regions that are buried in the inactive molecule. The data suggest a model where vinculin's Vh1 domain acts as a molecular switch that undergoes distinct structural changes provoked by talin and alpha-actinin binding in focal adhesions versus adherens junctions, respectively.
Structural dynamics of alpha-actinin-vinculin interactions.,Bois PR, Borgon RA, Vonrhein C, Izard T Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Jul;25(14):6112-22. PMID:15988023
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Olson TM, Illenberger S, Kishimoto NY, Huttelmaier S, Keating MT, Jockusch BM. Metavinculin mutations alter actin interaction in dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29;105(4):431-7. PMID:11815424
↑ Vasile VC, Will ML, Ommen SR, Edwards WD, Olson TM, Ackerman MJ. Identification of a metavinculin missense mutation, R975W, associated with both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Mol Genet Metab. 2006 Feb;87(2):169-74. Epub 2005 Oct 19. PMID:16236538 doi:S1096-7192(05)00258-1
↑ Vasile VC, Ommen SR, Edwards WD, Ackerman MJ. A missense mutation in a ubiquitously expressed protein, vinculin, confers susceptibility to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Jul 7;345(3):998-1003. Epub 2006 May 4. PMID:16712796 doi:S0006-291X(06)00981-8
↑ Le Clainche C, Dwivedi SP, Didry D, Carlier MF. Vinculin is a dually regulated actin filament barbed end-capping and side-binding protein. J Biol Chem. 2010 Jul 23;285(30):23420-32. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.102830. Epub, 2010 May 18. PMID:20484056 doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.102830
↑ Bois PR, Borgon RA, Vonrhein C, Izard T. Structural dynamics of alpha-actinin-vinculin interactions. Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Jul;25(14):6112-22. PMID:15988023 doi:25/14/6112