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|2avg, 29 NMR models ()|
NMR structure of cC1 domain from Human Cardiac Myosin Binding Protein C
Myosin binding protein C (MyBP-C) is a thick filament protein involved in the regulation of muscle contraction. Mutations in the gene for MyBP-C are the second most frequent cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. MyBP-C binds to myosin with two binding sites, one at its C-terminus and another at its N-terminus. The N-terminal binding site, consisting of immunoglobulin domains C1 and C2 connected by a flexible linker, interacts with the S2 segment of myosin in a phosphorylation-regulated manner. It is assumed that the function of MyBP-C is to act as a tether that fixes the S1 heads in a resting position and that phosphorylation releases the S1 heads into an active state. Here, we report the structure and binding properties of domain C1. Using a combination of site-directed mutagenesis and NMR interaction experiments, we identified the binding site of domain C1 in the immediate vicinity of the S1-S2 hinge, very close to the light chains. In addition, we identified a zinc binding site on domain C1 in close proximity to the S2 binding site. Its zinc binding affinity (K(d) of approximately 10-20 microM) might not be sufficient for a physiological effect. However, the familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-related mutation of one of the zinc ligands, glutamine 210 to histidine, will significantly increase the binding affinity, suggesting that this mutation may affect S2 binding. The close proximity of the C1 binding site to the hinge, the light chains and the S1 heads also provides an explanation for recent observations that (a) shorter fragments of MyBP-C unable to act as a tether still have an effect on the actomyosin ATPase and (b) as to why the myosin head positions in phosphorylated wild-type mice and MyBP-C knockout mice are so different: Domain C1 bound to the S1-S2 hinge is able to manipulate S1 head positions, thus influencing force generation without tether. The potentially extensive extra interactions of C1 are expected to keep it in place, while phosphorylation dislodges the C1-C2 linker and domain C2. As a result, the myosin heads would always be attached to a tether that has phosphorylation-dependent length regulation.
Myosin binding protein C positioned to play a key role in regulation of muscle contraction: structure and interactions of domain C1., Ababou A, Rostkova E, Mistry S, Le Masurier C, Gautel M, Pfuhl M, J Mol Biol. 2008 Dec 19;384(3):615-30. Epub 2008 Oct 7. PMID:18926831
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[MYPC3_HUMAN] Defects in MYBPC3 are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 4 (CMH4) [MIM:115197]. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
[MYPC3_HUMAN] Thick filament-associated protein located in the crossbridge region of vertebrate striated muscle a bands. In vitro it binds MHC, F-actin and native thin filaments, and modifies the activity of actin-activated myosin ATPase. It may modulate muscle contraction or may play a more structural role.
About this Structure
- Ababou A, Rostkova E, Mistry S, Le Masurier C, Gautel M, Pfuhl M. Myosin binding protein C positioned to play a key role in regulation of muscle contraction: structure and interactions of domain C1. J Mol Biol. 2008 Dec 19;384(3):615-30. Epub 2008 Oct 7. PMID:18926831 doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2008.09.065
- ↑ Gautel M, Zuffardi O, Freiburg A, Labeit S. Phosphorylation switches specific for the cardiac isoform of myosin binding protein-C: a modulator of cardiac contraction? EMBO J. 1995 May 1;14(9):1952-60. PMID:7744002
- ↑ Carrier L, Bonne G, Bahrend E, Yu B, Richard P, Niel F, Hainque B, Cruaud C, Gary F, Labeit S, Bouhour JB, Dubourg O, Desnos M, Hagege AA, Trent RJ, Komajda M, Fiszman M, Schwartz K. Organization and sequence of human cardiac myosin binding protein C gene (MYBPC3) and identification of mutations predicted to produce truncated proteins in familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Circ Res. 1997 Mar;80(3):427-34. PMID:9048664
- ↑ Niimura H, Bachinski LL, Sangwatanaroj S, Watkins H, Chudley AE, McKenna W, Kristinsson A, Roberts R, Sole M, Maron BJ, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Mutations in the gene for cardiac myosin-binding protein C and late-onset familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. 1998 Apr 30;338(18):1248-57. PMID:9562578
- ↑ Yu B, French JA, Carrier L, Jeremy RW, McTaggart DR, Nicholson MR, Hambly B, Semsarian C, Richmond DR, Schwartz K, Trent RJ. Molecular pathology of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by mutations in the cardiac myosin binding protein C gene. J Med Genet. 1998 Mar;35(3):205-10. PMID:9541104
- ↑ Moolman-Smook JC, Mayosi B, Brink P, Corfield VA. Identification of a new missense mutation in MyBP-C associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Med Genet. 1998 Mar;35(3):253-4. PMID:9541115
- ↑ Maron BJ, Niimura H, Casey SA, Soper MK, Wright GB, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Development of left ventricular hypertrophy in adults in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene mutations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Aug;38(2):315-21. PMID:11499718
- ↑ Erdmann J, Raible J, Maki-Abadi J, Hummel M, Hammann J, Wollnik B, Frantz E, Fleck E, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Spectrum of clinical phenotypes and gene variants in cardiac myosin-binding protein C mutation carriers with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Aug;38(2):322-30. PMID:11499719
- ↑ Daehmlow S, Erdmann J, Knueppel T, Gille C, Froemmel C, Hummel M, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Novel mutations in sarcomeric protein genes in dilated cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Oct 18;298(1):116-20. PMID:12379228
- ↑ Niimura H, Patton KK, McKenna WJ, Soults J, Maron BJ, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Sarcomere protein gene mutations in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the elderly. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29;105(4):446-51. PMID:11815426
- ↑ Nanni L, Pieroni M, Chimenti C, Simionati B, Zimbello R, Maseri A, Frustaci A, Lanfranchi G. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: two homozygous cases with "typical" hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and three new mutations in cases with progression to dilated cardiomyopathy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Sep 19;309(2):391-8. PMID:12951062
- ↑ Richard P, Charron P, Carrier L, Ledeuil C, Cheav T, Pichereau C, Benaiche A, Isnard R, Dubourg O, Burban M, Gueffet JP, Millaire A, Desnos M, Schwartz K, Hainque B, Komajda M. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: distribution of disease genes, spectrum of mutations, and implications for a molecular diagnosis strategy. Circulation. 2003 May 6;107(17):2227-32. Epub 2003 Apr 21. PMID:12707239 doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000066323.15244.54
- ↑ Erdmann J, Daehmlow S, Wischke S, Senyuva M, Werner U, Raible J, Tanis N, Dyachenko S, Hummel M, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Mutation spectrum in a large cohort of unrelated consecutive patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Genet. 2003 Oct;64(4):339-49. PMID:12974739
- ↑ Alders M, Jongbloed R, Deelen W, van den Wijngaard A, Doevendans P, Ten Cate F, Regitz-Zagrosek V, Vosberg HP, van Langen I, Wilde A, Dooijes D, Mannens M. The 2373insG mutation in the MYBPC3 gene is a founder mutation, which accounts for nearly one-fourth of the HCM cases in the Netherlands. Eur Heart J. 2003 Oct;24(20):1848-53. PMID:14563344
- ↑ Konno T, Shimizu M, Ino H, Matsuyama T, Yamaguchi M, Terai H, Hayashi K, Mabuchi T, Kiyama M, Sakata K, Hayashi T, Inoue M, Kaneda T, Mabuchi H. A novel missense mutation in the myosin binding protein-C gene is responsible for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with left ventricular dysfunction and dilation in elderly patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Mar 5;41(5):781-6. PMID:12628722
- ↑ Morner S, Richard P, Kazzam E, Hellman U, Hainque B, Schwartz K, Waldenstrom A. Identification of the genotypes causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in northern Sweden. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2003 Jul;35(7):841-9. PMID:12818575
- ↑ Andersen PS, Havndrup O, Bundgaard H, Larsen LA, Vuust J, Pedersen AK, Kjeldsen K, Christiansen M. Genetic and phenotypic characterization of mutations in myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3) in 81 families with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: total or partial haploinsufficiency. Eur J Hum Genet. 2004 Aug;12(8):673-7. PMID:15114369 doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201190
- ↑ Van Driest SL, Vasile VC, Ommen SR, Will ML, Tajik AJ, Gersh BJ, Ackerman MJ. Myosin binding protein C mutations and compound heterozygosity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Nov 2;44(9):1903-10. PMID:15519027 doi:S0735-1097(04)01614-6
- ↑ Song L, Zou Y, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhen Y, Lou K, Zhang Q, Wang X, Wang H, Li J, Hui R. Mutations profile in Chinese patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Chim Acta. 2005 Jan;351(1-2):209-16. PMID:15563892 doi:10.1016/j.cccn.2004.09.016
- ↑ Ingles J, Doolan A, Chiu C, Seidman J, Seidman C, Semsarian C. Compound and double mutations in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: implications for genetic testing and counselling. J Med Genet. 2005 Oct;42(10):e59. PMID:16199542 doi:10.1136/jmg.2005.033886
- ↑ Morita H, Rehm HL, Menesses A, McDonough B, Roberts AE, Kucherlapati R, Towbin JA, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Shared genetic causes of cardiac hypertrophy in children and adults. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 1;358(18):1899-908. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa075463. Epub 2008, Apr 9. PMID:18403758 doi:10.1056/NEJMoa075463