Crystal structure analysis of human Factor VIIa , Souluble tissue factor complexed with BCX-3607
[FA7_HUMAN] Defects in F7 are the cause of factor VII deficiency (FA7D) [MIM:227500]. A hemorrhagic disease with variable presentation. The clinical picture can be very severe, with the early occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhages or repeated hemarthroses, or, in contrast, moderate with cutaneous-mucosal hemorrhages (epistaxis, menorrhagia) or hemorrhages provoked by a surgical intervention. Finally, numerous subjects are completely asymptomatic despite very low factor VII levels.                       
[TF_HUMAN] Initiates blood coagulation by forming a complex with circulating factor VII or VIIa. The [TF:VIIa] complex activates factors IX or X by specific limited protolysis. TF plays a role in normal hemostasis by initiating the cell-surface assembly and propagation of the coagulation protease cascade. [FA7_HUMAN] Initiates the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Serine protease that circulates in the blood in a zymogen form. Factor VII is converted to factor VIIa by factor Xa, factor XIIa, factor IXa, or thrombin by minor proteolysis. In the presence of tissue factor and calcium ions, factor VIIa then converts factor X to factor Xa by limited proteolysis. Factor VIIa will also convert factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of tissue factor and calcium.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Factor VIIa (FVIIa) is a trypsin-like serine protease in the coagulation cascade. Its complex with tissue factor (TF) triggers the extrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade, generating a blood clot. Research programs at several centers now recognize the important roles played by TF and FVIIa in both the thrombotic and inflammatory processes associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, inhibition of the TF-FVIIa complex is seen as a promising target that is key to the development of clinical candidates for various cardiovascular applications. The crystal structure of the TF-FVIIa enzyme complex has been analyzed in order to design and synthesize small-molecule inhibitors. Using structure-based drug design (SBDD), a new series of inhibitors have been discovered that demonstrate high potency against the TF-FVIIa complex while maintaining substantial selectivity versus other closely related serine proteases such as trypsin, thrombin, factor Xa and plasmin.
Probing the S2 site of factor VIIa to generate potent and selective inhibitors: the structure of BCX-3607 in complex with tissue factor-factor VIIa.,Krishnan R, Kotian PL, Chand P, Bantia S, Rowland S, Babu YS Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2007 Jun;63(Pt 6):689-97. Epub 2007 May 15. PMID:17505107
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.