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2ew9

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2ew9, 31 NMR models ()
Gene: ATP7B, PWD, WC1, WND (Homo sapiens)
Activity: Copper-exporting ATPase, with EC number 3.6.3.4
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Solution structure of apoWLN5-6

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Human Wilson protein is a copper-transporting ATPase located in the secretory pathway possessing six N-terminal metal-binding domains. Here we focus on the function of the metal-binding domains closest to the vesicular portion of the copper pump, i.e., domain 4 (WLN4), and a construct of domains 5 and 6 (WLN5-6). For comparison purposes, some experiments were also performed with domain 2 (WLN2). The solution structure of apoWLN5-6 consists of two ferredoxin folds connected by a short linker, and (15)N relaxation rate measurements show that it behaves as a unit in solution. An NMR titration of apoWLN5-6 with the metallochaperone Cu(I)HAH1 reveals no complex formation and no copper exchange between the two proteins, whereas titration of Cu(I)HAH1 with WLN4 shows the formation of an adduct that is in fast exchange on the NMR time scale with the isolated protein species as confirmed by (15)N relaxation data. A similar interaction is also observed between Cu(I)HAH1 and WLN2; however, the relative amount of the adduct in the protein mixture is lower. An NMR titration of apoWLN5-6 with Cu(I)WLN4 shows copper transfer, first to WLN6 then to WLN5, without the formation of an adduct. Therefore, we suggest that WLN4 and WLN2 are two acceptors of Cu(I) from HAH1, which then somehow route copper to WLN5-6, before the ATP-driven transport of copper across the vesicular membrane.

Structure of human Wilson protein domains 5 and 6 and their interplay with domain 4 and the copper chaperone HAH1 in copper uptake., Achila D, Banci L, Bertini I, Bunce J, Ciofi-Baffoni S, Huffman DL, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Apr 11;103(15):5729-34. Epub 2006 Mar 29. PMID:16571664

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[ATP7B_HUMAN] Defects in ATP7B are the cause of Wilson disease (WD) [MIM:277900]. WD is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism in which copper cannot be incorporated into ceruloplasmin in liver, and cannot be excreted from the liver into the bile. Copper accumulates in the liver and subsequently in the brain and kidney. The disease is characterized by neurologic manifestations and signs of cirrhosis.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51]

Function

[ATP7B_HUMAN] Involved in the export of copper out of the cells, such as the efflux of hepatic copper into the bile.

About this Structure

2ew9 is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full experimental information is available from OCA.

Reference

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  27. Kusuda Y, Hamaguchi K, Mori T, Shin R, Seike M, Sakata T. Novel mutations of the ATP7B gene in Japanese patients with Wilson disease. J Hum Genet. 2000;45(2):86-91. PMID:10721669 doi:10.1007/s100380050017
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  33. Yoo HW. Identification of novel mutations and the three most common mutations in the human ATP7B gene of Korean patients with Wilson disease. Genet Med. 2002 Nov-Dec;4(6 Suppl):43S-48S. PMID:12544487 doi:10.109700125817-200211001-00009
  34. Loudianos G, Lovicu M, Dessi V, Tzetis M, Kanavakis E, Zancan L, Zelante L, Galvez-Galvez C, Cao A. Abnormal mRNA splicing resulting from consensus sequence splicing mutations of ATP7B. Hum Mutat. 2002 Oct;20(4):260-6. PMID:12325021 doi:10.1002/humu.10121
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  36. Gu YH, Kodama H, Du SL, Gu QJ, Sun HJ, Ushijima H. Mutation spectrum and polymorphisms in ATP7B identified on direct sequencing of all exons in Chinese Han and Hui ethnic patients with Wilson's disease. Clin Genet. 2003 Dec;64(6):479-84. PMID:14986826
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  50. Hsi G, Cullen LM, Macintyre G, Chen MM, Glerum DM, Cox DW. Sequence variation in the ATP-binding domain of the Wilson disease transporter, ATP7B, affects copper transport in a yeast model system. Hum Mutat. 2008 Apr;29(4):491-501. doi: 10.1002/humu.20674. PMID:18203200 doi:10.1002/humu.20674
  51. Abdel Ghaffar TY, Elsayed SM, Elnaghy S, Shadeed A, Elsobky ES, Schmidt H. Phenotypic and genetic characterization of a cohort of pediatric Wilson disease patients. BMC Pediatr. 2011 Jun 17;11:56. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-11-56. PMID:21682854 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-11-56

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