2h43

From Proteopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
2h43, resolution 2.70Å ()
Ligands: , ,
Non-Standard Residues:
Related: 1fzg
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Crystal Structure of Human Fragment D Complexed with Ala-His-Arg-Pro-amide

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The beta-chain amino-terminal sequences of all known mammalian fibrins begin with the sequence Gly-His-Arg-Pro- (GHRP-), but the homologous sequence in chicken fibrin begins with the sequence Ala-His-Arg-Pro- (AHRP-). Nonetheless, chicken fibrinogen binds the synthetic peptide GHRPam, and a previously reported crystal structure has revealed that the binding is in exact conformance with that observed for the human GHRPam-fragment D complex. We now report that human fibrinogen, which is known not to bind APRP, binds the synthetic peptide AHRPam. Moreover, a crystal structure of AHRPam complexed with fragment D from human fibrinogen shows that AHRPam binds exclusively to the beta-chain hole and, unlike GHRPam, not at all to the homologous gamma-chain hole. The difference can be attributed to the methyl group of the alanine residue clashing with a critical carboxyl group in the gammaC hole but being accommodated in the roomier betaC hole where the equivalent carboxyl is situated more flexibly.

Differences in binding specificity for the homologous gamma- and beta-chain "holes" on fibrinogen: exclusive binding of Ala-His-Arg-Pro-amide by the beta-chain hole., Doolittle RF, Chen A, Pandi L, Biochemistry. 2006 Nov 28;45(47):13962-9. PMID:17115691

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[FIBA_HUMAN] Defects in FGA are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=The majority of cases of afibrinogenemia are due to truncating mutations. Variations in position Arg-35 (the site of cleavage of fibrinopeptide a by thrombin) leads to alpha-dysfibrinogenemias. Defects in FGA are a cause of amyloidosis type 8 (AMYL8) [MIM:105200]; also known as systemic non-neuropathic amyloidosis or Ostertag-type amyloidosis. AMYL8 is a hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to deposition of apolipoprotein A1, fibrinogen and lysozyme amyloids. Viscera are particularly affected. There is no involvement of the nervous system. Clinical features include renal amyloidosis resulting in nephrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, cholestasis, petechial skin rash.[1] [FIBG_HUMAN] Defects in FGG are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding. [FIBB_HUMAN] Defects in FGB are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding.

Function

[FIBA_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. [FIBG_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. [FIBB_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation.

About this Structure

2h43 is a 8 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Doolittle RF, Chen A, Pandi L. Differences in binding specificity for the homologous gamma- and beta-chain "holes" on fibrinogen: exclusive binding of Ala-His-Arg-Pro-amide by the beta-chain hole. Biochemistry. 2006 Nov 28;45(47):13962-9. PMID:17115691 doi:10.1021/bi061219e
  1. Benson MD, Liepnieks J, Uemichi T, Wheeler G, Correa R. Hereditary renal amyloidosis associated with a mutant fibrinogen alpha-chain. Nat Genet. 1993 Mar;3(3):252-5. PMID:8097946 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng0393-252

Proteopedia Page Contributors and Editors (what is this?)

OCA

Personal tools