Solution Structure of the Ubiquitin-Binding Zinc Finger (UBZ) Domain of the Human DNA Y-Polymerase Eta
[POLH_HUMAN] Defects in POLH are the cause of xeroderma pigmentosum variant type (XPV) [MIM:278750]; also designated as XP-V. Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is an autosomal recessive disease due to deficient nucleotide excision repair. It is characterized by hypersensitivity of the skin to sunlight, followed by high incidence of skin cancer and frequent neurologic abnormalities. XPV shows normal nucleotide excision repair, but an exaggerated delay in recovery of replicative DNA synthesis. Most XPV patients do not develop clinical symptoms and skin neoplasias until a later age. Clinical manifestations are limited to photo-induced deterioration of the skin and eyes.    
[POLH_HUMAN] DNA polymerase specifically involved in DNA repair. Plays an important role in translesion synthesis, where the normal high fidelity DNA polymerases cannot proceed and DNA synthesis stalls. Plays an important role in the repair of UV-induced pyrimidine dimers. Depending on the context, it inserts the correct base, but causes frequent base transitions and transversions. May play a role in hypermutation at immunoglobulin genes. Forms a Schiff base with 5'-deoxyribose phosphate at abasic sites, but does not have lyase activity. Targets POLI to replication foci.    
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The ubiquitin-binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain of human DNA Y-family polymerase (pol) eta is important in the recruitment of the polymerase to the stalled replication machinery in translesion synthesis. Here, we report the solution structure of the pol eta UBZ domain and its interaction with ubiquitin. We show that the UBZ domain adopts a classical C(2)H(2) zinc-finger structure characterized by a betabetaalpha fold. Nuclear magnetic resonance titration maps the binding interfaces between UBZ and ubiquitin to the alpha-helix of the UBZ domain and the canonical hydrophobic surface of ubiquitin defined by residues L8, I44 and V70. Although the UBZ domain binds ubiquitin through a single alpha-helix, in a manner similar to the inverted ubiquitin-interacting motif, its structure is distinct from previously characterized ubiquitin-binding domains. The pol eta UBZ domain represents a novel member of the C(2)H(2) zinc finger family that interacts with ubiquitin to regulate translesion synthesis.
Structure of the ubiquitin-binding zinc finger domain of human DNA Y-polymerase eta.,Bomar MG, Pai MT, Tzeng SR, Li SS, Zhou P EMBO Rep. 2007 Mar;8(3):247-51. Epub 2007 Feb 16. PMID:17304240
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.