|2kgb, 20 NMR models ()|
|Gene:||TNNC1, TNNC (Homo sapiens)|
NMR solution of the regulatory domain cardiac F77W-Troponin C in complex with the cardiac Troponin I 144-163 switch peptide
The unique biophysical properties of tryptophan residues have been exploited for decades to monitor protein structure and dynamics using a variety of spectroscopic techniques, such as fluorescence and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). We recently designed a tryptophan mutant in the regulatory N-domain of cardiac troponin C (F77W-cNTnC) to study the domain orientation of troponin C in muscle fibers using solid-state NMR. In our previous study, we determined the NMR structure of calcium-saturated mutant F77W-V82A-cNTnC in the presence of 19% 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE). TFE is a widely used cosolvent in the biophysical characterization of the solution structures of peptides and proteins. It is generally assumed that the structures are unchanged in the presence of cosolvents at relatively low concentrations, and this has been verified for TFE at the level of the overall secondary and tertiary structure for several calcium regulatory proteins. Here, we present the NMR solution structure of the calcium saturated F77W-cNTnC in presence of its biological binding partner troponin I peptide (cTnI(144-163)) and in the absence of TFE. We have also characterized a panel of six F77W-cNTnC structures in the presence and absence TFE, cTnI(144-163), and the extra mutation V82A, and used (19)F NMR to characterize the effect of TFE on the F77(5fW) analog. Our results show that although TFE did not perturb the overall protein structure, TFE did induce a change in the orientation of the indole ring of the buried tryptophan side chain from the anticipated position based upon homology with other proteins, highlighting the potential dangers of the use of cosolvents.
The effect of the cosolvent trifluoroethanol on a tryptophan side chain orientation in the hydrophobic core of troponin C., Julien O, Mercier P, Crane ML, Sykes BD, Protein Sci. 2009 Jun;18(6):1165-74. PMID:19472326
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[TNNC1_HUMAN] Defects in TNNC1 are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1Z (CMD1Z) [MIM:611879]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. Defects in TNNC1 are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 13 (CMH13) [MIM:613243]. A hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death. [TNNI3_HUMAN] Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy type 7 (CMH7) [MIM:613690]. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death. Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of familial restrictive cardiomyopathy type 1 (RCM1) [MIM:115210]. RCM1 is a heart muscle disorder characterized by impaired filling of the ventricles with reduced diastolic volume, in the presence of normal or near normal wall thickness and systolic function. Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 2A (CMD2A) [MIM:611880]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1FF (CMD1FF) [MIM:613286]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death.
[TNNC1_HUMAN] Troponin is the central regulatory protein of striated muscle contraction. Tn consists of three components: Tn-I which is the inhibitor of actomyosin ATPase, Tn-T which contains the binding site for tropomyosin and Tn-C. The binding of calcium to Tn-C abolishes the inhibitory action of Tn on actin filaments. [TNNI3_HUMAN] Troponin I is the inhibitory subunit of troponin, the thin filament regulatory complex which confers calcium-sensitivity to striated muscle actomyosin ATPase activity.
About this Structure
- Julien O, Mercier P, Crane ML, Sykes BD. The effect of the cosolvent trifluoroethanol on a tryptophan side chain orientation in the hydrophobic core of troponin C. Protein Sci. 2009 Jun;18(6):1165-74. PMID:19472326 doi:10.1002/pro.121
- ↑ Mogensen J, Murphy RT, Shaw T, Bahl A, Redwood C, Watkins H, Burke M, Elliott PM, McKenna WJ. Severe disease expression of cardiac troponin C and T mutations in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Nov 16;44(10):2033-40. PMID:15542288 doi:S0735-1097(04)01700-0
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- ↑ Landstrom AP, Parvatiyar MS, Pinto JR, Marquardt ML, Bos JM, Tester DJ, Ommen SR, Potter JD, Ackerman MJ. Molecular and functional characterization of novel hypertrophic cardiomyopathy susceptibility mutations in TNNC1-encoded troponin C. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2008 Aug;45(2):281-8. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2008.05.003. Epub , 2008 May 11. PMID:18572189 doi:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2008.05.003
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- ↑ Niimura H, Patton KK, McKenna WJ, Soults J, Maron BJ, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Sarcomere protein gene mutations in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the elderly. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29;105(4):446-51. PMID:11815426
- ↑ Richard P, Charron P, Carrier L, Ledeuil C, Cheav T, Pichereau C, Benaiche A, Isnard R, Dubourg O, Burban M, Gueffet JP, Millaire A, Desnos M, Schwartz K, Hainque B, Komajda M. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: distribution of disease genes, spectrum of mutations, and implications for a molecular diagnosis strategy. Circulation. 2003 May 6;107(17):2227-32. Epub 2003 Apr 21. PMID:12707239 doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000066323.15244.54
- ↑ Erdmann J, Daehmlow S, Wischke S, Senyuva M, Werner U, Raible J, Tanis N, Dyachenko S, Hummel M, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V. Mutation spectrum in a large cohort of unrelated consecutive patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Genet. 2003 Oct;64(4):339-49. PMID:12974739
- ↑ Ingles J, Doolan A, Chiu C, Seidman J, Seidman C, Semsarian C. Compound and double mutations in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: implications for genetic testing and counselling. J Med Genet. 2005 Oct;42(10):e59. PMID:16199542 doi:10.1136/jmg.2005.033886
- ↑ Mogensen J, Kubo T, Duque M, Uribe W, Shaw A, Murphy R, Gimeno JR, Elliott P, McKenna WJ. Idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy is part of the clinical expression of cardiac troponin I mutations. J Clin Invest. 2003 Jan;111(2):209-16. PMID:12531876 doi:10.1172/JCI16336
- ↑ Murphy RT, Mogensen J, Shaw A, Kubo T, Hughes S, McKenna WJ. Novel mutation in cardiac troponin I in recessive idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Lancet. 2004 Jan 31;363(9406):371-2. PMID:15070570 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15468-8