Crystal structure of the C2 domain of the human E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase NEDD4-like protein
[NED4L_HUMAN] E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which accepts ubiquitin from an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in the form of a thioester and then directly transfers the ubiquitin to targeted substrates. Inhibits TGF-beta signaling by triggering SMAD2 and TGFBR1 ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation. Promotes ubiquitination and internalization of various plasma membrane channels such as ENaC, Nav1.2, Nav1.3, Nav1.5, Nav1.7, Nav1.8, Kv1.3, EAAT1 or CLC5. Promotes ubiquitination and degradation of SGK1 and TNK2.      
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The ubiquitin E3 protein ligase Nedd4-2 is a physiological regulator of the epithelial sodium channel ENaC, which is essential for transepithelial Na+ transport and is linked to Liddle's syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder of human salt-sensitive hypertension. Nedd4-2 function is negatively regulated by phosphorylation via a serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible protein kinase (Sgk1), which serves as a mechanism to inhibit the ubiquitination-dependent degradation of ENaC. We report here that 14-3-3 proteins participate in this regulatory process through a direct interaction with a phosphorylated form of human Nedd4-2 (a human gene product of KIAA0439, termed hNedd4-2). The interaction is dependent on Sgk1-catalyzed phosphorylation of hNedd4-2 at Ser-468. We found that this interaction preserved the activity of the Sgk1-stimulated ENaC-dependent Na+ current while disrupting the interaction decreased ENaC density on the Xenopus laevis oocytes surface possibly by enhancing Nedd4-2-mediated ubiquitination that leads to ENaC degradation. Our findings suggest that 14-3-3 proteins modulate the cell surface density of ENaC cooperatively with Sgk1 kinase by maintaining hNedd4-2 in an inactive phosphorylated state.
14-3-3 proteins modulate the expression of epithelial Na+ channels by phosphorylation-dependent interaction with Nedd4-2 ubiquitin ligase.,Ichimura T, Yamamura H, Sasamoto K, Tominaga Y, Taoka M, Kakiuchi K, Shinkawa T, Takahashi N, Shimada S, Isobe T J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 1;280(13):13187-94. Epub 2005 Jan 26. PMID:15677482
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.