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2p1b, resolution 2.75Å ()
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Crystal structure of human nucleophosmin-core


[NPM_HUMAN] Note=A chromosomal aberration involving NPM1 is found in a form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Translocation t(2;5)(p23;q35) with ALK. The resulting chimeric NPM1-ALK protein homodimerize and the kinase becomes constitutively activated. Note=A chromosomal aberration involving NPM1 is found in a form of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Translocation t(5;17)(q32;q11) with RARA. Note=A chromosomal aberration involving NPM1 is a cause of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Translocation t(3;5)(q25.1;q34) with MLF1. Note=Defects in NPM1 are associated with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Mutations in exon 12 affecting the C-terminus of the protein are associated with an aberrant cytoplasmic location.


[NPM_HUMAN] Involved in diverse cellular processes such as ribosome biogenesis, centrosome duplication, protein chaperoning, histone assembly, cell proliferation, and regulation of tumor suppressors p53/TP53 and ARF. Binds ribosome presumably to drive ribosome nuclear export. Associated with nucleolar ribonucleoprotein structures and bind single-stranded nucleic acids. Acts as a chaperonin for the core histones H3, H2B and H4. Stimulates APEX1 endonuclease activity on apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) double-stranded DNA but inhibits APEX1 endonuclease activity on AP single-stranded RNA. May exert a control of APEX1 endonuclease activity within nucleoli devoted to repair AP on rDNA and the removal of oxidized rRNA molecules. In concert with BRCA2, regulates centrosome duplication. Regulates centriole duplication: phosphorylation by PLK2 is able to trigger centriole replication.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

About this Structure

2p1b is a 10 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.


  • Lee HH, Kim HS, Kang JY, Lee BI, Ha JY, Yoon HJ, Lim SO, Jung G, Suh SW. Crystal structure of human nucleophosmin-core reveals plasticity of the pentamer-pentamer interface. Proteins. 2007 Nov 15;69(3):672-8. PMID:17879352 doi:10.1002/prot.21504
  1. Swaminathan V, Kishore AH, Febitha KK, Kundu TK. Human histone chaperone nucleophosmin enhances acetylation-dependent chromatin transcription. Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Sep;25(17):7534-45. PMID:16107701 doi:10.1128/MCB.25.17.7534-7545.2005
  2. Ma Z, Kanai M, Kawamura K, Kaibuchi K, Ye K, Fukasawa K. Interaction between ROCK II and nucleophosmin/B23 in the regulation of centrosome duplication. Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Dec;26(23):9016-34. Epub 2006 Oct 2. PMID:17015463 doi:10.1128/MCB.01383-06
  3. Maggi LB Jr, Kuchenruether M, Dadey DY, Schwope RM, Grisendi S, Townsend RR, Pandolfi PP, Weber JD. Nucleophosmin serves as a rate-limiting nuclear export chaperone for the Mammalian ribosome. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Dec;28(23):7050-65. Epub 2008 Sep 22. PMID:18809582 doi:MCB.01548-07
  4. Vascotto C, Fantini D, Romanello M, Cesaratto L, Deganuto M, Leonardi A, Radicella JP, Kelley MR, D'Ambrosio C, Scaloni A, Quadrifoglio F, Tell G. APE1/Ref-1 interacts with NPM1 within nucleoli and plays a role in the rRNA quality control process. Mol Cell Biol. 2009 Apr;29(7):1834-54. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01337-08. Epub 2009 Feb, 2. PMID:19188445 doi:10.1128/MCB.01337-08
  5. Krause A, Hoffmann I. Polo-like kinase 2-dependent phosphorylation of NPM/B23 on serine 4 triggers centriole duplication. PLoS One. 2010 Mar 24;5(3):e9849. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009849. PMID:20352051 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009849
  6. Wang HF, Takenaka K, Nakanishi A, Miki Y. BRCA2 and nucleophosmin coregulate centrosome amplification and form a complex with the Rho effector kinase ROCK2. Cancer Res. 2011 Jan 1;71(1):68-77. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-0030. Epub 2010, Nov 16. PMID:21084279 doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-0030
  7. Chun Y, Park B, Koh W, Lee S, Cheon Y, Kim R, Che L, Lee S. New centromeric component CENP-W is an RNA-associated nuclear matrix protein that interacts with nucleophosmin/B23 protein. J Biol Chem. 2011 Dec 9;286(49):42758-69. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.228411. Epub 2011, Oct 14. PMID:22002061 doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.228411

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