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|2qfo, resolution 1.68Å ()|
|Gene:||HSP90AA1, HSP90A, HSPC1, HSPCA (HUMAN)|
HSP90 complexed with A143571 and A516383
The molecular chaperone HSP90 has been shown to facilitate cancer cell survival by stabilizing key proteins responsible for a malignant phenotype. We report here the results of parallel fragment-based drug design approaches in the design of novel HSP90 inhibitors. Initial aminopyrimidine leads were elaborated using high-throughput organic synthesis to yield nanomolar inhibitors of the enzyme. Second site leads were also identified which bound to HSP90 in two distinct conformations, an 'open' and 'closed' form. Intriguingly, linked fragment approaches targeting both of these conformations were successful in producing novel, micromolar inhibitors. Overall, this study shows that, with only a few fragment hits, multiple lead series can be generated for HSP90 due to the inherent flexibility of the active site. Thus, ample opportunities exist to use these lead series in the development of clinically useful HSP90 inhibitors for the treatment of cancers.
Discovery and design of novel HSP90 inhibitors using multiple fragment-based design strategies., Huth JR, Park C, Petros AM, Kunzer AR, Wendt MD, Wang X, Lynch CL, Mack JC, Swift KM, Judge RA, Chen J, Richardson PL, Jin S, Tahir SK, Matayoshi ED, Dorwin SA, Ladror US, Severin JM, Walter KA, Bartley DM, Fesik SW, Elmore SW, Hajduk PJ, Chem Biol Drug Des. 2007 Jul;70(1):1-12. PMID:17630989
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[HS90A_HUMAN] Molecular chaperone that promotes the maturation, structural maintenance and proper regulation of specific target proteins involved for instance in cell cycle control and signal transduction. Undergoes a functional cycle that is linked to its ATPase activity. This cycle probably induces conformational changes in the client proteins, thereby causing their activation. Interacts dynamically with various co-chaperones that modulate its substrate recognition, ATPase cycle and chaperone function. 
About this Structure
- Huth JR, Park C, Petros AM, Kunzer AR, Wendt MD, Wang X, Lynch CL, Mack JC, Swift KM, Judge RA, Chen J, Richardson PL, Jin S, Tahir SK, Matayoshi ED, Dorwin SA, Ladror US, Severin JM, Walter KA, Bartley DM, Fesik SW, Elmore SW, Hajduk PJ. Discovery and design of novel HSP90 inhibitors using multiple fragment-based design strategies. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2007 Jul;70(1):1-12. PMID:17630989 doi:10.1111/j.1747-0285.2007.00535.x
- ↑ Martinez-Ruiz A, Villanueva L, Gonzalez de Orduna C, Lopez-Ferrer D, Higueras MA, Tarin C, Rodriguez-Crespo I, Vazquez J, Lamas S. S-nitrosylation of Hsp90 promotes the inhibition of its ATPase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase regulatory activities. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Jun 14;102(24):8525-30. Epub 2005 Jun 3. PMID:15937123 doi:10.1073/pnas.0407294102
- ↑ Forsythe HL, Jarvis JL, Turner JW, Elmore LW, Holt SE. Stable association of hsp90 and p23, but Not hsp70, with active human telomerase. J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11;276(19):15571-4. Epub 2001 Mar 23. PMID:11274138 doi:10.1074/jbc.C100055200