|2rny, 20 NMR models ()|
Complex Structures of CBP Bromodomain with H4 ack20 Peptide
Histone lysine acetylation is central to epigenetic control of gene transcription. Bromodomains of chromosomal proteins function as acetyl-lysine (Kac) binding domains. However, how bromodomains recognize site-specific histones remains unanswered. Here, we report three three-dimensional solution structures of the bromodomains of the human transcriptional coactivators CREB-binding protein (CBP) and p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF) bound to peptides derived from histone acetylation sites at lysines 36 and 9 in H3, and lysine 20 in H4. From structural and biochemical binding analyses, we determine consensus histone recognition by the bromodomains of PCAF and CBP, which represent two different subgroups of the bromodomain family. Through bromodomain residues in the ZA and BC loops, PCAF prefers acetylation sites with a hydrophobic residue at (Kac+2) position and a positively charged or aromatic residue at (Kac+3), whereas CBP favors bulky hydrophobic residues at (Kac+1) and (Kac+2), a positively charged residue at (Kac-1), and an aromatic residue at (Kac-2).
Structural basis of site-specific histone recognition by the bromodomains of human coactivators PCAF and CBP/p300., Zeng L, Zhang Q, Gerona-Navarro G, Moshkina N, Zhou MM, Structure. 2008 Apr;16(4):643-52. PMID:18400184
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[CBP_HUMAN] Note=Chromosomal aberrations involving CREBBP may be a cause of acute myeloid leukemias. Translocation t(8;16)(p11;p13) with KAT6A; translocation t(11;16)(q23;p13.3) with MLL/HRX; translocation t(10;16)(q22;p13) with KAT6B. KAT6A-CREBBP may induce leukemia by inhibiting RUNX1-mediated transcription. Defects in CREBBP are a cause of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome type 1 (RSTS1) [MIM:180849]. RSTS1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by craniofacial abnormalities, broad thumbs, broad big toes, mental retardation and a propensity for development of malignancies.
[CBP_HUMAN] Acetylates histones, giving a specific tag for transcriptional activation. Also acetylates non-histone proteins, like NCOA3 and FOXO1. Binds specifically to phosphorylated CREB and enhances its transcriptional activity toward cAMP-responsive genes. Acts as a coactivator of ALX1 in the presence of EP300.
About this Structure
- Zeng L, Zhang Q, Gerona-Navarro G, Moshkina N, Zhou MM. Structural basis of site-specific histone recognition by the bromodomains of human coactivators PCAF and CBP/p300. Structure. 2008 Apr;16(4):643-52. PMID:18400184 doi:10.1016/j.str.2008.01.010
- ↑ Murata T, Kurokawa R, Krones A, Tatsumi K, Ishii M, Taki T, Masuno M, Ohashi H, Yanagisawa M, Rosenfeld MG, Glass CK, Hayashi Y. Defect of histone acetyltransferase activity of the nuclear transcriptional coactivator CBP in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2001 May 1;10(10):1071-6. PMID:11331617
- ↑ Bartsch O, Locher K, Meinecke P, Kress W, Seemanova E, Wagner A, Ostermann K, Rodel G. Molecular studies in 10 cases of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, including a mild variant showing a missense mutation in codon 1175 of CREBBP. J Med Genet. 2002 Jul;39(7):496-501. PMID:12114483
- ↑ Kalkhoven E, Roelfsema JH, Teunissen H, den Boer A, Ariyurek Y, Zantema A, Breuning MH, Hennekam RC, Peters DJ. Loss of CBP acetyltransferase activity by PHD finger mutations in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2003 Feb 15;12(4):441-50. PMID:12566391
- ↑ Roelfsema JH, White SJ, Ariyurek Y, Bartholdi D, Niedrist D, Papadia F, Bacino CA, den Dunnen JT, van Ommen GJ, Breuning MH, Hennekam RC, Peters DJ. Genetic heterogeneity in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome: mutations in both the CBP and EP300 genes cause disease. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 Apr;76(4):572-80. Epub 2005 Feb 10. PMID:15706485 doi:S0002-9297(07)62869-9
- ↑ Zhang W, Bieker JJ. Acetylation and modulation of erythroid Kruppel-like factor (EKLF) activity by interaction with histone acetyltransferases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Aug 18;95(17):9855-60. PMID:9707565
- ↑ Hung HL, Kim AY, Hong W, Rakowski C, Blobel GA. Stimulation of NF-E2 DNA binding by CREB-binding protein (CBP)-mediated acetylation. J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 6;276(14):10715-21. Epub 2001 Jan 11. PMID:11154691 doi:10.1074/jbc.M007846200
- ↑ Masumi A, Yamakawa Y, Fukazawa H, Ozato K, Komuro K. Interferon regulatory factor-2 regulates cell growth through its acetylation. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 11;278(28):25401-7. Epub 2003 May 7. PMID:12738767 doi:10.1074/jbc.M213037200
- ↑ Iioka T, Furukawa K, Yamaguchi A, Shindo H, Yamashita S, Tsukazaki T. P300/CBP acts as a coactivator to cartilage homeoprotein-1 (Cart1), paired-like homeoprotein, through acetylation of the conserved lysine residue adjacent to the homeodomain. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Aug;18(8):1419-29. PMID:12929931 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.2003.18.8.1419