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|2vya, resolution 2.75Å ()|
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF FATTY ACID AMIDE HYDROLASE CONJUGATED WITH THE DRUG-LIKE INHIBITOR PF-750
The integral membrane enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) hydrolyzes the endocannabinoid anandamide and related amidated signaling lipids. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of FAAH produces analgesic, anxiolytic, and antiinflammatory phenotypes but not the undesirable side effects of direct cannabinoid receptor agonists, indicating that FAAH may be a promising therapeutic target. Structure-based inhibitor design has, however, been hampered by difficulties in expressing the human FAAH enzyme. Here, we address this problem by interconverting the active sites of rat and human FAAH using site-directed mutagenesis. The resulting humanized rat (h/r) FAAH protein exhibits the inhibitor sensitivity profiles of human FAAH but maintains the high-expression yield of the rat enzyme. We report a 2.75-A crystal structure of h/rFAAH complexed with an inhibitor, N-phenyl-4-(quinolin-3-ylmethyl)piperidine-1-carboxamide (PF-750), that shows strong preference for human FAAH. This structure offers compelling insights to explain the species selectivity of FAAH inhibitors, which should guide future drug design programs.
Structure-guided inhibitor design for human FAAH by interspecies active site conversion., Mileni M, Johnson DS, Wang Z, Everdeen DS, Liimatta M, Pabst B, Bhattacharya K, Nugent RA, Kamtekar S, Cravatt BF, Ahn K, Stevens RC, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 2;105(35):12820-4. Epub 2008 Aug 27. PMID:18753625
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
About this Structure
- Mileni M, Johnson DS, Wang Z, Everdeen DS, Liimatta M, Pabst B, Bhattacharya K, Nugent RA, Kamtekar S, Cravatt BF, Ahn K, Stevens RC. Structure-guided inhibitor design for human FAAH by interspecies active site conversion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 2;105(35):12820-4. Epub 2008 Aug 27. PMID:18753625