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CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN JNK3 COMPLEXED WITH A 1-ARYL-3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE INHIBITOR
[MK10_HUMAN] Defects in MAPK10 are a cause of epileptic encephalopathy Lennox-Gastaut type (EELG) [MIM:606369]. Epileptic encephalopathies of the Lennox-Gastaut group are childhood epileptic disorders characterized by severe psychomotor delay and seizures. Note=A chromosomal aberration involving MAPK10 has been found in a single patient. Translocation t(Y;4)(q11.2;q21) which causes MAPK10 truncation.
[MK10_HUMAN] Serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in various processes such as neuronal proliferation, differentiation, migration and programmed cell death. Extracellular stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines or physical stress stimulate the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway. In this cascade, two dual specificity kinases MAP2K4/MKK4 and MAP2K7/MKK7 phosphorylate and activate MAPK10/JNK3. In turn, MAPK10/JNK3 phosphorylates a number of transcription factors, primarily components of AP-1 such as JUN and ATF2 and thus regulates AP-1 transcriptional activity. Plays regulatory roles in the signaling pathways during neuronal apoptosis. Phosphorylates the neuronal microtubule regulator STMN2. Acts in the regulation of the beta-amyloid precursor protein/APP signaling during neuronal differentiation by phosphorylating APP. Participates also in neurite growth in spiral ganglion neurons.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
A series of 1-aryl-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline inhibitors of JNK3 are described. Compounds 20 and 24 are the most potent inhibitors (pIC50 7.3 and 6.9, respectively in a radiometric filter binding assay), with 10- and 1000-fold selectivity over JNK2 and JNK1, respectively, and selectivity within the wider mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family against p38alpha and ERK2. X-ray crystallography of 16 reveals a highly unusual binding mode where an H-bond acceptor interaction with the hinge region is made by a chloro substituent.
1-Aryl-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline inhibitors of JNK3.,Christopher JA, Atkinson FL, Bax BD, Brown MJ, Champigny AC, Chuang TT, Jones EJ, Mosley JE, Musgrave JR Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Apr 15;19(8):2230-4. Epub 2009 Feb 28. PMID:19303774
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.