|2xfu, resolution 2.20Å ()|
|Related:||2c67, 1s3e, 2c73, 2v60, 1oj9, 2vz2, 1ojd, 1s3b, 2c66, 2xfo, 2bk5, 1h8r, 2c70, 2xfn, 2bk3, 2c76, 2vrl, 1oja, 2v5z, 2byb, 2vrm, 2c65, 2xcg, 2c64, 2xfp, 2bk4, 2c75, 2v61, 1s2y, 2c72, 1gos, 1s2q, 2xfq, 1ojc|
HUMAN MONOAMINE OXIDASE B WITH TRANYLCYPROMINE
Monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) is an outer mitochondrial membrane-bound enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of arylalkylamine neurotransmitters and has been a target for a number of clinically used drug inhibitors. The 1.7-A structure of the reversible isatin-MAO-B complex has been determined; it forms a basis for the interpretation of the enzyme's structure when bound to either reversible or irreversible inhibitors. 1,4-Diphenyl-2-butene is found to be a reversible MAO-B inhibitor, which occupies both the entrance and substrate cavity space in the enzyme. Comparison of these two structures identifies Ile-199 as a "gate" between the two cavities. Rotation of the side chain allows for either separation or fusion of the two cavities. Inhibition of the enzyme with N-(2-aminoethyl)-p-chlorobenzamide results in the formation of a covalent N(5) flavin adduct with the phenyl ring of the inhibitor occupying a position in the catalytic site overlapping that of isatin. Inhibition of MAO-B with the clinically used trans-2-phenylcyclopropylamine results in the formation of a covalent C(4a) flavin adduct with an opened cyclopropyl ring and the phenyl ring in a parallel orientation to the flavin. The peptide bond between the flavin-substituted Cys-397 and Tyr-398 is in a cis conformation, which allows the proper orientation of the phenolic ring of Tyr-398 in the active site. The flavin ring exists in a twisted nonplanar conformation, which is observed in the oxidized form as well as in both the N(5) and the C(4a) adducts. An immobile water molecule is H-bonded to Lys-296 and to the N(5) of the flavin as observed in other flavin-dependent amine oxidases. The active site cavities are highly apolar; however, hydrophilic areas exist near the flavin and direct the amine moiety of the substrate for binding and catalysis. Small conformational changes are observed on comparison of the different inhibitor-enzyme complexes. Future MAO-B drug design will need to consider "induced fit" contributions as an element in ligand-enzyme interactions.
Insights into the mode of inhibition of human mitochondrial monoamine oxidase B from high-resolution crystal structures., Binda C, Li M, Hubalek F, Restelli N, Edmondson DE, Mattevi A, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Aug 19;100(17):9750-5. Epub 2003 Aug 11. PMID:12913124
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
About this Structure
- Binda C, Li M, Hubalek F, Restelli N, Edmondson DE, Mattevi A. Insights into the mode of inhibition of human mitochondrial monoamine oxidase B from high-resolution crystal structures. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Aug 19;100(17):9750-5. Epub 2003 Aug 11. PMID:12913124 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1633804100
- Bonivento D, Milczek EM, McDonald GR, Binda C, Holt A, Edmondson DE, Mattevi A. Potentiation of ligand binding through cooperative effects in monoamine oxidase B. J Biol Chem. 2010 Sep 20. PMID:20855894 doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.169482