HUMAN SERUM ALBUMIN COMPLEXED WITH DANSYL-L-PHENYLALANINE
[ALBU_HUMAN] Defects in ALB are a cause of familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) [MIM:103600]. FDH is a form of euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia that is due to increased affinity of ALB for T(4). It is the most common cause of inherited euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia in Caucasian population.   
[ALBU_HUMAN] Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Human serum albumin (HSA) has two primary binding sites for drug molecules. These sites selectively bind different dansylated amino acid compounds, which-due to their intrinsic fluorescence-have long been used as specific markers for the drug pockets on HSA. We present here the co-crystal structures of HSA in complex with six dansylated amino acids that are specific for either drug site 1 (dansyl-l-asparagine, dansyl-l-arginine, dansyl-l-glutamate) or drug site 2 (dansyl-l-norvaline, dansyl-l-phenylalanine, dansyl-l-sarcosine). Our results explain the structural basis of the site-specificity of different dansylated amino acids. They also show that fatty acid binding has only a modest effect on binding of dansylated amino acids to drug site 1 and identify the location of secondary binding sites.
Structural basis of binding of fluorescent, site-specific dansylated amino acids to human serum albumin.,Ryan AJ, Ghuman J, Zunszain PA, Chung CW, Curry S J Struct Biol. 2010 Oct 18. PMID:20940056
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.