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CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE SUCA DOMAIN OF MYCOBACTERIUM SMEGMATIS ALPHA-KETOGLUTARATE DECARBOXYLASE IN COMPLEX WITH THE ENAMINE-THDP INTERMEDIATE
[KGD_MYCS2] Shows three enzymatic activities that share a first common step, the attack of thiamine-PP on 2-oxoglutarate (alpha-ketoglutarate, KG), leading to the formation of an enamine-thiamine-PP intermediate upon decarboxylation. Thus, displays KGD activity, catalyzing the decarboxylation from five-carbon 2-oxoglutarate to four-carbon succinate semialdehyde (SSA). Also catalyzes C-C bond formation between the activated aldehyde formed after decarboxylation of alpha-ketoglutarate and the carbonyl of glyoxylate (GLX), to yield 2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate (HOA), which spontaneously decarboxylates to form 5-hydroxylevulinate (HLA). And is also a component of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (ODH) complex, that catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and CO(2). The KG decarboxylase and KG dehydrogenase reactions provide two alternative, tightly regulated, pathways connecting the oxidative and reductive branches of the TCA cycle. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KDH) complex is a major regulatory point of aerobic energy metabolism. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was reported to lack KDH activity, and the putative KDH E1o component, alpha-ketoglutarate decarboxylase (KGD), was instead assigned as a decarboxylase or carboligase. Here, we show that this protein does in fact sustain KDH activity, as well as the additional two reactions, and these multifunctional properties are shared by the Escherichia coli homolog, SucA. We also show that the mycobacterial enzyme is finely regulated by an additional acyltransferase-like domain and by the action of acetyl-CoA, a powerful allosteric activator able to enhance the concerted protein motions observed during catalysis. Our results uncover the functional plasticity of a crucial node in bacterial metabolism, which may be important for M. tuberculosis during host infection.
Functional plasticity and allosteric regulation of alpha-ketoglutarate decarboxylase in central mycobacterial metabolism.,Wagner T, Bellinzoni M, Wehenkel A, O'Hare HM, Alzari PM Chem Biol. 2011 Aug 26;18(8):1011-20. PMID:21867916
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.