Human Factor VIIA-Tissue Factor Complexed with ethylsulfonamide-D-5-(3-carboxybenzyloxy)-Trp-Gln-p-aminobenzamidine
[FA7_HUMAN] Defects in F7 are the cause of factor VII deficiency (FA7D) [MIM:227500]. A hemorrhagic disease with variable presentation. The clinical picture can be very severe, with the early occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhages or repeated hemarthroses, or, in contrast, moderate with cutaneous-mucosal hemorrhages (epistaxis, menorrhagia) or hemorrhages provoked by a surgical intervention. Finally, numerous subjects are completely asymptomatic despite very low factor VII levels.                       
[FA7_HUMAN] Initiates the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Serine protease that circulates in the blood in a zymogen form. Factor VII is converted to factor VIIa by factor Xa, factor XIIa, factor IXa, or thrombin by minor proteolysis. In the presence of tissue factor and calcium ions, factor VIIa then converts factor X to factor Xa by limited proteolysis. Factor VIIa will also convert factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of tissue factor and calcium. [TF_HUMAN] Initiates blood coagulation by forming a complex with circulating factor VII or VIIa. The [TF:VIIa] complex activates factors IX or X by specific limited protolysis. TF plays a role in normal hemostasis by initiating the cell-surface assembly and propagation of the coagulation protease cascade.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Selective factor VIIa-tissue factor complex (FVIIa/TF) inhibition is regarded as a promising target for developing new anticoagulant drugs. In previous reports, we described a S3 subsite found in the X-ray crystal structure of compound 2 that bound to FVIIa/soluble tissue factor (sTF). Based on the X-ray crystal structure information and with the aim of improving the inhibition activity for FVIIa/TF and selectivity against other serine proteases, we synthesized derivatives by introducing substituents at position 5 of the indole ring of compound 2. Among them, compound 16 showed high selectivity against other serine proteases. Contrary to our expectations, compound 16 did not occupy the S3-subsite; X-ray structure analysis revealed that compound 16 improved selectivity by forming hydrogen bonds with Gln217, Thr99 and Asn100.
Design and synthesis of peptidomimetic factor VIIa inhibitors.,Shiraishi T, Kadono S, Haramura M, Kodama H, Ono Y, Iikura H, Esaki T, Koga T, Hattori K, Watanabe Y, Sakamoto A, Yoshihashi K, Kitazawa T, Esaki K, Ohta M, Sato H, Kozono T Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010 Jan;58(1):38-44. PMID:20045964
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.