Structure of human purine nucleoside phosphorylase with L-DADMe-ImmH and phosphate
[PNPH_HUMAN] Defects in PNP are the cause of purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency (PNPD) [MIM:613179]. It leads to a severe T-cell immunodeficiency with neurologic disorder in children.  
[PNPH_HUMAN] The purine nucleoside phosphorylases catalyze the phosphorolytic breakdown of the N-glycosidic bond in the beta-(deoxy)ribonucleoside molecules, with the formation of the corresponding free purine bases and pentose-1-phosphate.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Human purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) was crystallized with transition-state analogue inhibitors Immucillin-H and DADMe-Immucillin-H synthesized with ribosyl mimics of l-stereochemistry. The inhibitors demonstrate that major driving forces for tight binding of these analogues are the leaving group interaction and the cationic mimicry of the transition state, even though large geometric changes occur with d-Immucillins and l-Immucillins bound to human PNP.
L-Enantiomers of transition state analogue inhibitors bound to human purine nucleoside phosphorylase.,Rinaldo-Matthis A, Murkin AS, Ramagopal UA, Clinch K, Mee SP, Evans GB, Tyler PC, Furneaux RH, Almo SC, Schramm VL J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jan 23;130(3):842-4. Epub 2007 Dec 23. PMID:18154341
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.