Crystal structure the Fab fragment of matuzumab (Fab72000) in complex with domain III of the extracellular region of EGFR
[EGFR_HUMAN] Defects in EGFR are associated with lung cancer (LNCR) [MIM:211980]. LNCR is a common malignancy affecting tissues of the lung. The most common form of lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that can be divided into 3 major histologic subtypes: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell lung cancer. NSCLC is often diagnosed at an advanced stage and has a poor prognosis.
[EGFR_HUMAN] Receptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses. Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, amphiregulin, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF. Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules. May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade. Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin.             Isoform 2 may act as an antagonist of EGF action.            
Publication Abstract from PubMed
An increasing number of therapeutic antibodies targeting tumors that express the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are in clinical use or late stages of clinical development. Here we investigate the molecular basis for inhibition of EGFR activation by the therapeutic antibody matuzumab (EMD72000). We describe the X-ray crystal structure of the Fab fragment of matuzumab (Fab72000) in complex with isolated domain III from the extracellular region of EGFR. Fab72000 interacts with an epitope on EGFR that is distinct from the ligand-binding region on domain III and from the cetuximab/Erbitux epitope. Matuzumab blocks ligand-induced receptor activation indirectly by sterically preventing the domain rearrangement and local conformational changes that must occur for high-affinity ligand binding and receptor dimerization.
Matuzumab binding to EGFR prevents the conformational rearrangement required for dimerization.,Schmiedel J, Blaukat A, Li S, Knochel T, Ferguson KM Cancer Cell. 2008 Apr;13(4):365-73. PMID:18394559
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.