|3c3a, resolution 2.30Å ()|
|Gene:||PGK1 (Homo sapiens)|
|Related:|| 2zgv, 3c39, 3c3b, 3c3c
Crystal Structure of human phosphoglycerate kinase bound to 3-phosphoglycerate and L-ADP
Non-natural L-nucleoside analogues are increasingly used as therapeutic agents to treat cancer and viral infections. To be active, L-nucleosides need to be phosphorylated to their respective triphosphate metabolites. This stepwise phosphorylation relies on human enzymes capable of processing L-nucleoside enantiomers. We used crystallographic analysis to reveal the molecular basis for the low enantioselectivity and the broad specificity of human 3-phosphoglycerate kinase (hPGK), an enzyme responsible for the last step of phosphorylation of many nucleotide derivatives. Based on structures of hPGK in the absence of nucleotides, and bound to L and d forms of MgADP and MgCDP, we show that a non-specific hydrophobic clamp to the nucleotide base, as well as a water-filled cavity behind it, allows high flexibility in the interaction between PGK and the bases. This, combined with the dispensability of hydrogen bonds to the sugar moiety, and ionic interactions with the phosphate groups, results in the positioning of different nucleotides so to expose their diphosphate group in a position competent for catalysis. Since the third phosphorylation step is often rate limiting, our results are expected to alleviate in silico tailoring of L-type prodrugs to assure their efficient metabolic processing.
Molecular basis for the lack of enantioselectivity of human 3-phosphoglycerate kinase., Gondeau C, Chaloin L, Lallemand P, Roy B, Perigaud C, Barman T, Varga A, Vas M, Lionne C, Arold ST, Nucleic Acids Res. 2008 Jun;36(11):3620-9. Epub 2008 May 7. PMID:18463139
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[PGK1_HUMAN] Defects in PGK1 are the cause of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 deficiency (PGK1D) [MIM:300653]. It is a condition with a highly variable clinical phenotype that includes hemolytic anemia, rhabdomyolysis, myopathy and neurologic involvement. Patients can express one or more of these manifestations.
[PGK1_HUMAN] In addition to its role as a glycolytic enzyme, it seems that PGK-1 acts as a polymerase alpha cofactor protein (primer recognition protein).
About this Structure
- Gondeau C, Chaloin L, Lallemand P, Roy B, Perigaud C, Barman T, Varga A, Vas M, Lionne C, Arold ST. Molecular basis for the lack of enantioselectivity of human 3-phosphoglycerate kinase. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008 Jun;36(11):3620-9. Epub 2008 May 7. PMID:18463139 doi:10.1093/nar/gkn212
- ↑ Yoshida A, Twele TW, Dave V, Beutler E. Molecular abnormality of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant (PGK-Alabama). Blood Cells Mol Dis. 1995;21(3):179-81. PMID:8673469 doi:S1079-9796(85)70020-4
- ↑ Cohen-Solal M, Valentin C, Plassa F, Guillemin G, Danze F, Jaisson F, Rosa R. Identification of new mutations in two phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) variants expressing different clinical syndromes: PGK Creteil and PGK Amiens. Blood. 1994 Aug 1;84(3):898-903. PMID:8043870
- ↑ Ookawara T, Dave V, Willems P, Martin JJ, de Barsy T, Matthys E, Yoshida A. Retarded and aberrant splicings caused by single exon mutation in a phosphoglycerate kinase variant. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996 Mar 1;327(1):35-40. PMID:8615693 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/abbi.1996.0089
- ↑ Valentin C, Birgens H, Craescu CT, Brodum-Nielsen K, Cohen-Solal M. A phosphoglycerate kinase mutant (PGK Herlev; D285V) in a Danish patient with isolated chronic hemolytic anemia: mechanism of mutation and structure-function relationships. Hum Mutat. 1998;12(4):280-7. PMID:9744480 doi:<280::AID-HUMU10>3.0.CO;2-V 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1998)12:4<280::AID-HUMU10>3.0.CO;2-V
- ↑ Maeda M, Yoshida A. Molecular defect of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant (PGK-Matsue) associated with hemolytic anemia: Leu----Pro substitution caused by T/A----C/G transition in exon 3. Blood. 1991 Mar 15;77(6):1348-52. PMID:2001457
- ↑ Maeda M, Bawle EV, Kulkarni R, Beutler E, Yoshida A. Molecular abnormalities of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant generated by spontaneous mutation. Blood. 1992 May 15;79(10):2759-62. PMID:1586722
- ↑ Fujii H, Kanno H, Hirono A, Shiomura T, Miwa S. A single amino acid substitution (157 Gly----Val) in a phosphoglycerate kinase variant (PGK Shizuoka) associated with chronic hemolysis and myoglobinuria. Blood. 1992 Mar 15;79(6):1582-5. PMID:1547346
- ↑ Fujii H, Chen SH, Akatsuka J, Miwa S, Yoshida A. Use of cultured lymphoblastoid cells for the study of abnormal enzymes: molecular abnormality of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant associated with hemolytic anemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Apr;78(4):2587-90. PMID:6941312
- ↑ Fujii H, Yoshida A. Molecular abnormality of phosphoglycerate kinase-Uppsala associated with chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Sep;77(9):5461-5. PMID:6933565