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|3cxe, resolution 3.30Å ()|
|Gene:||CSF2RB, IL3RB, IL5RB (Homo sapiens), CSF2, GMCSF (Homo sapiens), CSF2RA, CSF2R, CSF2RY (Homo sapiens)|
Structure of the GM-CSF Receptor Complex
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that controls the production and function of blood cells, is deregulated in clinical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and leukemia, yet offers therapeutic value for other diseases. Its receptors are heterodimers consisting of a ligand-specific alpha subunit and a betac subunit that is shared with the interleukin (IL)-3 and IL-5 receptors. How signaling is initiated remains an enigma. We report here the crystal structure of the human GM-CSF/GM-CSF receptor ternary complex and its assembly into an unexpected dodecamer or higher-order complex. Importantly, mutagenesis of the GM-CSF receptor at the dodecamer interface and functional studies reveal that dodecamer formation is required for receptor activation and signaling. This unusual form of receptor assembly likely applies also to IL-3 and IL-5 receptors, providing a structural basis for understanding their mechanism of activation and for the development of therapeutics.
The structure of the GM-CSF receptor complex reveals a distinct mode of cytokine receptor activation., Hansen G, Hercus TR, McClure BJ, Stomski FC, Dottore M, Powell J, Ramshaw H, Woodcock JM, Xu Y, Guthridge M, McKinstry WJ, Lopez AF, Parker MW, Cell. 2008 Aug 8;134(3):496-507. PMID:18692472
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[IL3RB_HUMAN] Defects in CSF2RB are the cause of pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction type 5 (SMDP5) [MIM:614370]. SMDP5 is a rare lung disorder due to impaired surfactant homeostasis. It is characterized by alveolar filling with floccular material that stains positive using the periodic acid-Schiff method and is derived from surfactant phospholipids and protein components. Excessive lipoproteins accumulation in the alveoli results in severe respiratory distress. [CSF2R_HUMAN] Defects in CSF2RA are the cause of pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction type 4 (SMDP4) [MIM:300770]. A rare lung disorder due to impaired surfactant homeostasis. It is characterized by alveolar filling with floccular material that stains positive using the periodic acid-Schiff method and is derived from surfactant phospholipids and protein components. Excessive lipoproteins accumulation in the alveoli results in severe respiratory distress.
[IL3RB_HUMAN] High affinity receptor for interleukin-3, interleukin-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. [CSF2R_HUMAN] Low affinity receptor for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Transduces a signal that results in the proliferation, differentiation, and functional activation of hematopoietic cells. [CSF2_HUMAN] Cytokine that stimulates the growth and differentiation of hematopoietic precursor cells from various lineages, including granulocytes, macrophages, eosinophils and erythrocytes.
About this Structure
- Hansen G, Hercus TR, McClure BJ, Stomski FC, Dottore M, Powell J, Ramshaw H, Woodcock JM, Xu Y, Guthridge M, McKinstry WJ, Lopez AF, Parker MW. The structure of the GM-CSF receptor complex reveals a distinct mode of cytokine receptor activation. Cell. 2008 Aug 8;134(3):496-507. PMID:18692472 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2008.05.053
- ↑ Tanaka T, Motoi N, Tsuchihashi Y, Tazawa R, Kaneko C, Nei T, Yamamoto T, Hayashi T, Tagawa T, Nagayasu T, Kuribayashi F, Ariyoshi K, Nakata K, Morimoto K. Adult-onset hereditary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis caused by a single-base deletion in CSF2RB. J Med Genet. 2011 Mar;48(3):205-9. doi: 10.1136/jmg.2010.082586. Epub 2010 Nov, 12. PMID:21075760 doi:10.1136/jmg.2010.082586
- ↑ Martinez-Moczygemba M, Doan ML, Elidemir O, Fan LL, Cheung SW, Lei JT, Moore JP, Tavana G, Lewis LR, Zhu Y, Muzny DM, Gibbs RA, Huston DP. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis caused by deletion of the GM-CSFRalpha gene in the X chromosome pseudoautosomal region 1. J Exp Med. 2008 Nov 24;205(12):2711-6. doi: 10.1084/jem.20080759. Epub 2008 Oct, 27. PMID:18955567 doi:10.1084/jem.20080759
- ↑ Suzuki T, Sakagami T, Rubin BK, Nogee LM, Wood RE, Zimmerman SL, Smolarek T, Dishop MK, Wert SE, Whitsett JA, Grabowski G, Carey BC, Stevens C, van der Loo JC, Trapnell BC. Familial pulmonary alveolar proteinosis caused by mutations in CSF2RA. J Exp Med. 2008 Nov 24;205(12):2703-10. doi: 10.1084/jem.20080990. Epub 2008 Oct , 27. PMID:18955570 doi:10.1084/jem.20080990