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3e1i

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3e1i, resolution 2.30Å ()
Ligands: ,
Non-Standard Residues:
Gene: FGA (Homo sapiens), FGB (Homo sapiens), FGG, PRO2061 (Homo sapiens)
Related: 1ltj, 1re3
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Crystal Structure of BbetaD432A Variant Fibrinogen Fragment D with the Peptide Ligand Gly-His-Arg-Pro-amide

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Fibrinogen residue Bbeta432Asp is part of hole "b" that interacts with knob "B," whose sequence starts with Gly-His-Arg-Pro-amide (GHRP). Because previous studies showed BbetaD432A has normal polymerization, we hypothesized that Bbeta432Asp is not critical for knob "B" binding and that new knob-hole interactions would compensate for the loss of this Asp residue. To test this hypothesis, we solved the crystal structure of fragment D from BbetaD432A. Surprisingly, the structure (rfD-BbetaD432A+GH) showed the peptide GHRP was not bound to hole "b." We then re-evaluated the polymerization of this variant by examining clot turbidity, clot structure, and the rate of FXIIIa cross-linking. The turbidity and the rate of gamma-gamma dimer formation for BbetaD432A were indistinguishable compared with normal fibrinogen. Scanning electron microscopy showed no significant differences between the clots of BbetaD432A and normal, but the thrombin-derived clots had thicker fibers than clots obtained from batroxobin, suggesting that cleavage of FpB is more important than "B:b" interactions. We conclude that hole "b" and "B:b" knob-hole binding per se have no influence on fibrin polymerization.

Fibrinogen variant BbetaD432A has normal polymerization but does not bind knob "B"., Bowley SR, Lord ST, Blood. 2009 Apr 30;113(18):4425-30. Epub 2008 Dec 15. PMID:19075185

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[FIBA_HUMAN] Defects in FGA are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=The majority of cases of afibrinogenemia are due to truncating mutations. Variations in position Arg-35 (the site of cleavage of fibrinopeptide a by thrombin) leads to alpha-dysfibrinogenemias. Defects in FGA are a cause of amyloidosis type 8 (AMYL8) [MIM:105200]; also known as systemic non-neuropathic amyloidosis or Ostertag-type amyloidosis. AMYL8 is a hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to deposition of apolipoprotein A1, fibrinogen and lysozyme amyloids. Viscera are particularly affected. There is no involvement of the nervous system. Clinical features include renal amyloidosis resulting in nephrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, cholestasis, petechial skin rash.[1] [FIBG_HUMAN] Defects in FGG are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding. [FIBB_HUMAN] Defects in FGB are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN) [MIM:202400]. This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Note=Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding.

Function

[FIBA_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. [FIBG_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. [FIBB_HUMAN] Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation.

About this Structure

3e1i is a 8 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Bowley SR, Lord ST. Fibrinogen variant BbetaD432A has normal polymerization but does not bind knob "B". Blood. 2009 Apr 30;113(18):4425-30. Epub 2008 Dec 15. PMID:19075185 doi:10.1182/blood-2008-09-178178
  1. Benson MD, Liepnieks J, Uemichi T, Wheeler G, Correa R. Hereditary renal amyloidosis associated with a mutant fibrinogen alpha-chain. Nat Genet. 1993 Mar;3(3):252-5. PMID:8097946 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng0393-252

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