Crystal Structure Analysis of Tripeptidyl peptidase -I
[TPP1_HUMAN] Defects in TPP1 are the cause of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) [MIM:204500]. A form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses are progressive neurodegenerative, lysosomal storage diseases characterized by intracellular accumulation of autofluorescent liposomal material, and clinically by seizures, dementia, visual loss, and/or cerebral atrophy. The lipopigment pattern seen most often in CLN2 consists of curvilinear profiles.            
[TPP1_HUMAN] Lysosomal serine protease with tripeptidyl-peptidase I activity. May act as a non-specific lysosomal peptidase which generates tripeptides from the breakdown products produced by lysosomal proteinases. Requires substrates with an unsubstituted N-terminus (By similarity).
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, a fatal neurodegenerative disease of childhood, is caused by mutations in the TPP1 gene that encodes tripeptidyl-peptidase I. We show that purified TPP1 requires at least partial glycosylation for in vitro autoprocessing and proteolytic activity. We crystallized the fully glycosylated TPP1 precursor under conditions that implied partial autocatalytic cleavage between the prosegment and the catalytic domain. X-ray crystallographic analysis at 2.35 angstroms resolution reveals a globular structure with a subtilisin-like fold, a Ser475-Glu272-Asp360 catalytic triad, and an octahedrally coordinated Ca2+-binding site that are characteristic features of the S53 sedolisin family of peptidases. In contrast to other S53 peptidases, the TPP1 structure revealed steric constraints on the P4 substrate pocket explaining its preferential cleavage of tripeptides from the unsubstituted N terminus of proteins. Two alternative conformations of the catalytic Asp276 are associated with the activation status of TPP1. 28 disease-causing missense mutations are analyzed in the light of the TPP1 structure providing insight into the molecular basis of late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.
Structure of tripeptidyl-peptidase I provides insight into the molecular basis of late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.,Pal A, Kraetzner R, Gruene T, Grapp M, Schreiber K, Gronborg M, Urlaub H, Becker S, Asif AR, Gartner J, Sheldrick GM, Steinfeld R J Biol Chem. 2009 Feb 6;284(6):3976-84. Epub 2008 Nov 26. PMID:19038966
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.