Structure of AuroraA with pyridyl-pyrimidine urea inhibitor
[AURKA_HUMAN] Mitotic serine/threonine kinases that contributes to the regulation of cell cycle progression. Associates with the centrosome and the spindle microtubules during mitosis and plays a critical role in various mitotic events including the establishment of mitotic spindle, centrosome duplication, centrosome separation as well as maturation, chromosomal alignment, spindle assembly checkpoint, and cytokinesis. Required for initial activation of CDK1 at centrosomes. Phosphorylates numerous target proteins, including ARHGEF2, BORA, BRCA1, CDC25B, DLGP5, HDAC6, KIF2A, LATS2, NDEL1, PARD3, PPP1R2, PLK1, RASSF1, TACC3, p53/TP53 and TPX2. Regulates KIF2A tubulin depolymerase activity. Required for normal axon formation. Plays a role in microtubule remodeling during neurite extension. Important for microtubule formation and/or stabilization. Also acts as a key regulatory component of the p53/TP53 pathway, and particularly the checkpoint-response pathways critical for oncogenic transformation of cells, by phosphorylating and stabilizing p53/TP53. Phosphorylates its own inhibitors, the protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) isoforms, to inhibit their activity. Necessary for proper cilia disassembly prior to mitosis.                    
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Selective small molecule inhibitors of Tie-2 kinase are important tools for the validation of Tie-2 signaling in pathological angiogenesis. Reported herein is the optimization of a nonselective scaffold into a potent and highly selective inhibitor of Tie-2 kinase.
Pyridyl-pyrimidine benzimidazole derivatives as potent, selective, and orally bioavailable inhibitors of Tie-2 kinase.,Cee VJ, Cheng AC, Romero K, Bellon S, Mohr C, Whittington DA, Bak A, Bready J, Caenepeel S, Coxon A, Deak HL, Fretland J, Gu Y, Hodous BL, Huang X, Kim JL, Lin J, Long AM, Nguyen H, Olivieri PR, Patel VF, Wang L, Zhou Y, Hughes P, Geuns-Meyer S Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Jan 15;19(2):424-7. Epub 2008 Nov 20. PMID:19062275
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.