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3efw, resolution 2.29Å ()
Ligands: ,
Gene: AURKA, AIK, ARK1, AURA, BTAK, STK15, STK6 (Homo sapiens)
Activity: Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase, with EC number
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Structure of AuroraA with pyridyl-pyrimidine urea inhibitor

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Selective small molecule inhibitors of Tie-2 kinase are important tools for the validation of Tie-2 signaling in pathological angiogenesis. Reported herein is the optimization of a nonselective scaffold into a potent and highly selective inhibitor of Tie-2 kinase.

Pyridyl-pyrimidine benzimidazole derivatives as potent, selective, and orally bioavailable inhibitors of Tie-2 kinase., Cee VJ, Cheng AC, Romero K, Bellon S, Mohr C, Whittington DA, Bak A, Bready J, Caenepeel S, Coxon A, Deak HL, Fretland J, Gu Y, Hodous BL, Huang X, Kim JL, Lin J, Long AM, Nguyen H, Olivieri PR, Patel VF, Wang L, Zhou Y, Hughes P, Geuns-Meyer S, Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Jan 15;19(2):424-7. Epub 2008 Nov 20. PMID:19062275

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


[AURKA_HUMAN] Mitotic serine/threonine kinases that contributes to the regulation of cell cycle progression. Associates with the centrosome and the spindle microtubules during mitosis and plays a critical role in various mitotic events including the establishment of mitotic spindle, centrosome duplication, centrosome separation as well as maturation, chromosomal alignment, spindle assembly checkpoint, and cytokinesis. Required for initial activation of CDK1 at centrosomes. Phosphorylates numerous target proteins, including ARHGEF2, BORA, BRCA1, CDC25B, DLGP5, HDAC6, KIF2A, LATS2, NDEL1, PARD3, PPP1R2, PLK1, RASSF1, TACC3, p53/TP53 and TPX2. Regulates KIF2A tubulin depolymerase activity. Required for normal axon formation. Plays a role in microtubule remodeling during neurite extension. Important for microtubule formation and/or stabilization. Also acts as a key regulatory component of the p53/TP53 pathway, and particularly the checkpoint-response pathways critical for oncogenic transformation of cells, by phosphorylating and stabilizing p53/TP53. Phosphorylates its own inhibitors, the protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) isoforms, to inhibit their activity. Necessary for proper cilia disassembly prior to mitosis.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

About this Structure

3efw is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.


  • Cee VJ, Cheng AC, Romero K, Bellon S, Mohr C, Whittington DA, Bak A, Bready J, Caenepeel S, Coxon A, Deak HL, Fretland J, Gu Y, Hodous BL, Huang X, Kim JL, Lin J, Long AM, Nguyen H, Olivieri PR, Patel VF, Wang L, Zhou Y, Hughes P, Geuns-Meyer S. Pyridyl-pyrimidine benzimidazole derivatives as potent, selective, and orally bioavailable inhibitors of Tie-2 kinase. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Jan 15;19(2):424-7. Epub 2008 Nov 20. PMID:19062275 doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.11.056
  1. Bischoff JR, Anderson L, Zhu Y, Mossie K, Ng L, Souza B, Schryver B, Flanagan P, Clairvoyant F, Ginther C, Chan CS, Novotny M, Slamon DJ, Plowman GD. A homologue of Drosophila aurora kinase is oncogenic and amplified in human colorectal cancers. EMBO J. 1998 Jun 1;17(11):3052-65. PMID:9606188 doi:10.1093/emboj/17.11.3052
  2. Walter AO, Seghezzi W, Korver W, Sheung J, Lees E. The mitotic serine/threonine kinase Aurora2/AIK is regulated by phosphorylation and degradation. Oncogene. 2000 Oct 5;19(42):4906-16. PMID:11039908 doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1203847
  3. Katayama H, Zhou H, Li Q, Tatsuka M, Sen S. Interaction and feedback regulation between STK15/BTAK/Aurora-A kinase and protein phosphatase 1 through mitotic cell division cycle. J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 7;276(49):46219-24. Epub 2001 Sep 10. PMID:11551964 doi:10.1074/jbc.M107540200
  4. Marumoto T, Hirota T, Morisaki T, Kunitoku N, Zhang D, Ichikawa Y, Sasayama T, Kuninaka S, Mimori T, Tamaki N, Kimura M, Okano Y, Saya H. Roles of aurora-A kinase in mitotic entry and G2 checkpoint in mammalian cells. Genes Cells. 2002 Nov;7(11):1173-82. PMID:12390251
  5. Hirota T, Kunitoku N, Sasayama T, Marumoto T, Zhang D, Nitta M, Hatakeyama K, Saya H. Aurora-A and an interacting activator, the LIM protein Ajuba, are required for mitotic commitment in human cells. Cell. 2003 Sep 5;114(5):585-98. PMID:13678582
  6. Marumoto T, Honda S, Hara T, Nitta M, Hirota T, Kohmura E, Saya H. Aurora-A kinase maintains the fidelity of early and late mitotic events in HeLa cells. J Biol Chem. 2003 Dec 19;278(51):51786-95. Epub 2003 Oct 1. PMID:14523000 doi:10.1074/jbc.M306275200
  7. Toji S, Yabuta N, Hosomi T, Nishihara S, Kobayashi T, Suzuki S, Tamai K, Nojima H. The centrosomal protein Lats2 is a phosphorylation target of Aurora-A kinase. Genes Cells. 2004 May;9(5):383-97. PMID:15147269 doi:10.1111/j.1356-9597.2004.00732.x
  8. Ouchi M, Fujiuchi N, Sasai K, Katayama H, Minamishima YA, Ongusaha PP, Deng C, Sen S, Lee SW, Ouchi T. BRCA1 phosphorylation by Aurora-A in the regulation of G2 to M transition. J Biol Chem. 2004 May 7;279(19):19643-8. Epub 2004 Feb 27. PMID:14990569 doi:10.1074/jbc.M311780200
  9. Dutertre S, Cazales M, Quaranta M, Froment C, Trabut V, Dozier C, Mirey G, Bouche JP, Theis-Febvre N, Schmitt E, Monsarrat B, Prigent C, Ducommun B. Phosphorylation of CDC25B by Aurora-A at the centrosome contributes to the G2-M transition. J Cell Sci. 2004 May 15;117(Pt 12):2523-31. Epub 2004 May 5. PMID:15128871 doi:10.1242/jcs.01108
  10. Katayama H, Sasai K, Kawai H, Yuan ZM, Bondaruk J, Suzuki F, Fujii S, Arlinghaus RB, Czerniak BA, Sen S. Phosphorylation by aurora kinase A induces Mdm2-mediated destabilization and inhibition of p53. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):55-62. Epub 2003 Dec 14. PMID:14702041 doi:10.1038/ng1279
  11. Yu CT, Hsu JM, Lee YC, Tsou AP, Chou CK, Huang CY. Phosphorylation and stabilization of HURP by Aurora-A: implication of HURP as a transforming target of Aurora-A. Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Jul;25(14):5789-800. PMID:15987997 doi:10.1128/MCB.25.14.5789-5800.2005
  12. Sankaran S, Crone DE, Palazzo RE, Parvin JD. Aurora-A kinase regulates breast cancer associated gene 1 inhibition of centrosome-dependent microtubule nucleation. Cancer Res. 2007 Dec 1;67(23):11186-94. PMID:18056443 doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-07-2578
  13. Pugacheva EN, Jablonski SA, Hartman TR, Henske EP, Golemis EA. HEF1-dependent Aurora A activation induces disassembly of the primary cilium. Cell. 2007 Jun 29;129(7):1351-63. PMID:17604723 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.04.035
  14. Manfredi MG, Ecsedy JA, Meetze KA, Balani SK, Burenkova O, Chen W, Galvin KM, Hoar KM, Huck JJ, LeRoy PJ, Ray ET, Sells TB, Stringer B, Stroud SG, Vos TJ, Weatherhead GS, Wysong DR, Zhang M, Bolen JB, Claiborne CF. Antitumor activity of MLN8054, an orally active small-molecule inhibitor of Aurora A kinase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 6;104(10):4106-11. Epub 2007 Feb 23. PMID:17360485 doi:10.1073/pnas.0608798104
  15. Macurek L, Lindqvist A, Lim D, Lampson MA, Klompmaker R, Freire R, Clouin C, Taylor SS, Yaffe MB, Medema RH. Polo-like kinase-1 is activated by aurora A to promote checkpoint recovery. Nature. 2008 Sep 4;455(7209):119-23. doi: 10.1038/nature07185. Epub 2008 Jul 9. PMID:18615013 doi:10.1038/nature07185
  16. Khazaei MR, Puschel AW. Phosphorylation of the par polarity complex protein Par3 at serine 962 is mediated by aurora a and regulates its function in neuronal polarity. J Biol Chem. 2009 Nov 27;284(48):33571-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.055897. Epub 2009, Oct 6. PMID:19812038 doi:10.1074/jbc.M109.055897
  17. Jang CY, Coppinger JA, Seki A, Yates JR 3rd, Fang G. Plk1 and Aurora A regulate the depolymerase activity and the cellular localization of Kif2a. J Cell Sci. 2009 May 1;122(Pt 9):1334-41. doi: 10.1242/jcs.044321. Epub 2009 Apr , 7. PMID:19351716 doi:10.1242/jcs.044321
  18. Mori D, Yamada M, Mimori-Kiyosue Y, Shirai Y, Suzuki A, Ohno S, Saya H, Wynshaw-Boris A, Hirotsune S. An essential role of the aPKC-Aurora A-NDEL1 pathway in neurite elongation by modulation of microtubule dynamics. Nat Cell Biol. 2009 Sep;11(9):1057-68. Epub 2009 Aug 9. PMID:19668197 doi:ncb1919
  19. Fu J, Bian M, Liu J, Jiang Q, Zhang C. A single amino acid change converts Aurora-A into Aurora-B-like kinase in terms of partner specificity and cellular function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Apr 28;106(17):6939-44. doi:, 10.1073/pnas.0900833106. Epub 2009 Apr 8. PMID:19357306 doi:10.1073/pnas.0900833106
  20. Kinzel D, Boldt K, Davis EE, Burtscher I, Trumbach D, Diplas B, Attie-Bitach T, Wurst W, Katsanis N, Ueffing M, Lickert H. Pitchfork regulates primary cilia disassembly and left-right asymmetry. Dev Cell. 2010 Jul 20;19(1):66-77. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2010.06.005. PMID:20643351 doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2010.06.005
  21. Fancelli D, Moll J, Varasi M, Bravo R, Artico R, Berta D, Bindi S, Cameron A, Candiani I, Cappella P, Carpinelli P, Croci W, Forte B, Giorgini ML, Klapwijk J, Marsiglio A, Pesenti E, Rocchetti M, Roletto F, Severino D, Soncini C, Storici P, Tonani R, Zugnoni P, Vianello P. 1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrazoles: identification of a potent Aurora kinase inhibitor with a favorable antitumor kinase inhibition profile. J Med Chem. 2006 Nov 30;49(24):7247-51. PMID:17125279 doi:10.1021/jm060897w

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