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3eg6

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3eg6, resolution 1.72Å ()
Ligands:
Non-Standard Residues:
Gene: WDR5, BIG3 (Homo sapiens)
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Structure of WDR5 bound to MLL1 peptide

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The mixed lineage leukemia protein-1 (MLL1) catalyzes histone H3 lysine 4 methylation and is regulated by interaction with WDR5 (WD-repeat protein-5), RbBP5 (retinoblastoma-binding protein-5), and the Ash2L (absent, small, homeotic discs-2-like) oncoprotein. In the accompanying investigation, we describe the identification of a conserved arginine containing motif, called the "Win" or WDR5 interaction motif, that is essential for the assembly and H3K4 dimethylation activity of the MLL1 core complex. Here we present a 1.7-A crystal structure of WDR5 bound to a peptide derived from the MLL1 Win motif. Our results show that Arg-3765 of MLL1 is bound in the same arginine binding pocket on WDR5 that was previously suggested to bind histone H3. Thermodynamic binding experiments show that the MLL1 Win peptide is preferentially recognized by WDR5. These results are consistent with a model in which WDR5 recognizes Arg-3765 of MLL1, which is essential for the assembly and enzymatic activity of the MLL1 core complex.

Structure of WDR5 bound to mixed lineage leukemia protein-1 peptide., Patel A, Dharmarajan V, Cosgrove MS, J Biol Chem. 2008 Nov 21;283(47):32158-61. Epub 2008 Oct 1. PMID:18829459

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[HRX_HUMAN] Defects in MLL are the cause of Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WDSTS) [MIM:605130]. A syndrome characterized by hairy elbows (hypertrichosis cubiti), intellectual disability, a distinctive facial appearance, and short stature. Facial characteristics include long eyelashes, thick or arched eyebrows with a lateral flare, and downslanting and vertically narrow palpebral fissures.[1][2] Note=Chromosomal aberrations involving MLL are a cause of acute leukemias. Translocation t(1;11)(q21;q23) with MLLT11/AF1Q; translocation t(3;11)(p21;q23) with NCKIPSD/AF3p21; translocation t(3,11)(q25,q23) with GMPS; translocation t(4;11)(q21;q23) with AFF1/MLLT2/AF4; insertion ins(5;11)(q31;q13q23) with AFF4/AF5Q31; translocation t(5;11)(q12;q23) with AF5-alpha/CENPK; translocation t(6;11)(q27;q23) with MLLT4/AF6; translocation t(9;11)(p22;q23) with MLLT3/AF9; translocation t(10;11)(p11.2;q23) with ABI1; translocation t(10;11)(p12;q23) with MLLT10/AF10; t(11;15)(q23;q14) with CASC5 and ZFYVE19; translocation t(11;17)(q23;q21) with MLLT6/AF17; translocation t(11;19)(q23;p13.3) with ELL; translocation t(11;19)(q23;p13.3) with MLLT1/ENL; translocation t(11;19)(q23;p23) with GAS7; translocation t(X;11)(q13;q23) with FOXO4/AFX1. Translocation t(3;11)(q28;q23) with LPP. Translocation t(10;11)(q22;q23) with TET1. Translocation t(9;11)(q34;q23) with DAB2IP. Translocation t(4;11)(p12;q23) with FRYL. Fusion proteins MLL-MLLT1, MLL-MLLT3 and MLL-ELL interact with PPP1R15A and, on the contrary to unfused MLL, inhibit PPP1R15A-induced apoptosis.[3] Note=A chromosomal aberration involving MLL may be a cause of chronic neutrophilic leukemia. Translocation t(4;11)(q21;q23) with SEPT11.[4]

Function

[WDR5_HUMAN] Contributes to histone modification. May position the N-terminus of histone H3 for efficient trimethylation at 'Lys-4'. As part of the MLL1/MLL complex it is involved in methylation and dimethylation at 'Lys-4' of histone H3. H3 'Lys-4' methylation represents a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation. As part of the NSL complex it may be involved in acetylation of nucleosomal histone H4 on several lysine residues. May regulate osteoblasts differentiation.[5][6][7][8][9] [HRX_HUMAN] Histone methyltransferase that plays an essential role in early development and hematopoiesis. Catalytic subunit of the MLL1/MLL complex, a multiprotein complex that mediates both methylation of 'Lys-4' of histone H3 (H3K4me) complex and acetylation of 'Lys-16' of histone H4 (H4K16ac). In the MLL1/MLL complex, it specifically mediates H3K4me, a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation. Has weak methyltransferase activity by itself, and requires other component of the MLL1/MLL complex to obtain full methyltransferase activity. Has no activity toward histone H3 phosphorylated on 'Thr-3', less activity toward H3 dimethylated on 'Arg-8' or 'Lys-9', while it has higher activity toward H3 acetylated on 'Lys-9'. Required for transcriptional activation of HOXA9. Promotes PPP1R15A-induced apoptosis.[10][11][12][13]

About this Structure

3eg6 is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Patel A, Dharmarajan V, Cosgrove MS. Structure of WDR5 bound to mixed lineage leukemia protein-1 peptide. J Biol Chem. 2008 Nov 21;283(47):32158-61. Epub 2008 Oct 1. PMID:18829459 doi:10.1074/jbc.C800164200
  1. Adler HT, Chinery R, Wu DY, Kussick SJ, Payne JM, Fornace AJ Jr, Tkachuk DC. Leukemic HRX fusion proteins inhibit GADD34-induced apoptosis and associate with the GADD34 and hSNF5/INI1 proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Oct;19(10):7050-60. PMID:10490642
  2. Jones WD, Dafou D, McEntagart M, Woollard WJ, Elmslie FV, Holder-Espinasse M, Irving M, Saggar AK, Smithson S, Trembath RC, Deshpande C, Simpson MA. De novo mutations in MLL cause Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Aug 10;91(2):358-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.06.008. Epub, 2012 Jul 12. PMID:22795537 doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.06.008
  3. Adler HT, Chinery R, Wu DY, Kussick SJ, Payne JM, Fornace AJ Jr, Tkachuk DC. Leukemic HRX fusion proteins inhibit GADD34-induced apoptosis and associate with the GADD34 and hSNF5/INI1 proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Oct;19(10):7050-60. PMID:10490642
  4. Adler HT, Chinery R, Wu DY, Kussick SJ, Payne JM, Fornace AJ Jr, Tkachuk DC. Leukemic HRX fusion proteins inhibit GADD34-induced apoptosis and associate with the GADD34 and hSNF5/INI1 proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Oct;19(10):7050-60. PMID:10490642
  5. Patel A, Dharmarajan V, Vought VE, Cosgrove MS. On the mechanism of multiple lysine methylation by the human mixed lineage leukemia protein-1 (MLL1) core complex. J Biol Chem. 2009 Sep 4;284(36):24242-56. Epub 2009 Jun 25. PMID:19556245 doi:M109.014498
  6. Guelman S, Kozuka K, Mao Y, Pham V, Solloway MJ, Wang J, Wu J, Lill JR, Zha J. The double-histone-acetyltransferase complex ATAC is essential for mammalian development. Mol Cell Biol. 2009 Mar;29(5):1176-88. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01599-08. Epub 2008 Dec, 22. PMID:19103755 doi:10.1128/MCB.01599-08
  7. Cai Y, Jin J, Swanson SK, Cole MD, Choi SH, Florens L, Washburn MP, Conaway JW, Conaway RC. Subunit composition and substrate specificity of a MOF-containing histone acetyltransferase distinct from the male-specific lethal (MSL) complex. J Biol Chem. 2010 Feb 12;285(7):4268-72. doi: 10.1074/jbc.C109.087981. Epub 2009 , Dec 14. PMID:20018852 doi:10.1074/jbc.C109.087981
  8. Han Z, Guo L, Wang H, Shen Y, Deng XW, Chai J. Structural basis for the specific recognition of methylated histone H3 lysine 4 by the WD-40 protein WDR5. Mol Cell. 2006 Apr 7;22(1):137-44. PMID:16600877 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2006.03.018
  9. Couture JF, Collazo E, Trievel RC. Molecular recognition of histone H3 by the WD40 protein WDR5. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2006 Aug;13(8):698-703. Epub 2006 Jul 9. PMID:16829960 doi:10.1038/nsmb1116
  10. Adler HT, Chinery R, Wu DY, Kussick SJ, Payne JM, Fornace AJ Jr, Tkachuk DC. Leukemic HRX fusion proteins inhibit GADD34-induced apoptosis and associate with the GADD34 and hSNF5/INI1 proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Oct;19(10):7050-60. PMID:10490642
  11. Nakamura T, Mori T, Tada S, Krajewski W, Rozovskaia T, Wassell R, Dubois G, Mazo A, Croce CM, Canaani E. ALL-1 is a histone methyltransferase that assembles a supercomplex of proteins involved in transcriptional regulation. Mol Cell. 2002 Nov;10(5):1119-28. PMID:12453419
  12. Dou Y, Milne TA, Tackett AJ, Smith ER, Fukuda A, Wysocka J, Allis CD, Chait BT, Hess JL, Roeder RG. Physical association and coordinate function of the H3 K4 methyltransferase MLL1 and the H4 K16 acetyltransferase MOF. Cell. 2005 Jun 17;121(6):873-85. PMID:15960975 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.04.031
  13. Patel A, Dharmarajan V, Vought VE, Cosgrove MS. On the mechanism of multiple lysine methylation by the human mixed lineage leukemia protein-1 (MLL1) core complex. J Biol Chem. 2009 Sep 4;284(36):24242-56. Epub 2009 Jun 25. PMID:19556245 doi:M109.014498

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