Jnk1 complexed with a bis-anilino-pyrrolopyrimidine inhibitor.
[MK08_HUMAN] Serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in various processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, transformation and programmed cell death. Extracellular stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines or physical stress stimulate the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway. In this cascade, two dual specificity kinases MAP2K4/MKK4 and MAP2K7/MKK7 phosphorylate and activate MAPK8/JNK1. In turn, MAPK8/JNK1 phosphorylates a number of transcription factors, primarily components of AP-1 such as JUN, JDP2 and ATF2 and thus regulates AP-1 transcriptional activity. Phosphorylates the replication licensing factor CDT1, inhibiting the interaction between CDT1 and the histone H4 acetylase HBO1 to replication origins. Loss of this interaction abrogates the acetylation required for replication initiation. Promotes stressed cell apoptosis by phosphorylating key regulatory factors including p53/TP53 and Yes-associates protein YAP1. In T-cells, MAPK8 and MAPK9 are required for polarized differentiation of T-helper cells into Th1 cells. Contributes to the survival of erythroid cells by phosphorylating the antagonist of cell death BAD upon EPO stimulation. Mediates starvation-induced BCL2 phosphorylation, BCL2 dissociation from BECN1, and thus activation of autophagy. Phosphorylates STMN2 and hence regulates microtubule dynamics, controlling neurite elongation in cortical neurons. In the developing brain, through its cytoplasmic activity on STMN2, negatively regulates the rate of exit from multipolar stage and of radial migration from the ventricular zone. Phosphorylates several other substrates including heat shock factor protein 4 (HSF4), the deacetylase SIRT1, ELK1, or the E3 ligase ITCH.        JNK1 isoforms display different binding patterns: beta-1 preferentially binds to c-Jun, whereas alpha-1, alpha-2, and beta-2 have a similar low level of binding to both c-Jun or ATF2. However, there is no correlation between binding and phosphorylation, which is achieved at about the same efficiency by all isoforms.       
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The SAR of C5' functional groups with terminal basic amines at the C6 aniline of 4,6-bis-anilino-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines is reported. Examples demonstrate potent inhibition of IGF-1R with 1000-fold selectivity over JNK1 and 3 in enzymatic assays.
Optimization of 4,6-bis-anilino-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine IGF-1R tyrosine kinase inhibitors towards JNK selectivity.,Chamberlain SD, Redman AM, Wilson JW, Deanda F, Shotwell JB, Gerding R, Lei H, Yang B, Stevens KL, Hassell AM, Shewchuk LM, Leesnitzer MA, Smith JL, Sabbatini P, Atkins C, Groy A, Rowand JL, Kumar R, Mook RA Jr, Moorthy G, Patnaik S Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Jan 15;19(2):360-4. Epub 2008 Nov 24. PMID:19071018
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.