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|3exl, resolution 2.20Å ()|
Crystal Structure of a p53 Core Tetramer Bound to DNA
The tumor suppressor p53 regulates downstream genes in response to many cellular stresses and is frequently mutated in human cancers. Here, we report the use of a crosslinking strategy to trap a tetrameric p53 DNA-binding domain (p53DBD) bound to DNA and the X-ray crystal structure of the protein/DNA complex. The structure reveals that two p53DBD dimers bind to B form DNA with no relative twist and that a p53 tetramer can bind to DNA without introducing significant DNA bending. The numerous dimer-dimer interactions involve several strictly conserved residues, thus suggesting a molecular basis for p53DBD-DNA binding cooperativity. Surface residue conservation of the p53DBD tetramer bound to DNA highlights possible regions of other p53 domain or p53 cofactor interactions.
Crystal structure of a p53 core tetramer bound to DNA., Malecka KA, Ho WC, Marmorstein R, Oncogene. 2009 Jan 22;28(3):325-33. Epub 2008 Nov 3. PMID:18978813
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[P53_MOUSE] Note=p53 is found in increased amounts in a wide variety of transformed cells. p53 is frequently mutated or inactivated in many types of cancer.
[P53_MOUSE] Acts as a tumor suppressor in many tumor types; induces growth arrest or apoptosis depending on the physiological circumstances and cell type. Involved in cell cycle regulation as a trans-activator that acts to negatively regulate cell division by controlling a set of genes required for this process. One of the activated genes is an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases. Apoptosis induction seems to be mediated either by stimulation of BAX and FAS antigen expression, or by repression of Bcl-2 expression. In cooperation with mitochondrial PPIF is involved in activating oxidative stress-induced necrosis; te function is largely independent of transcription. Prevents CDK7 kinase activity when associated to CAK complex in response to DNA damage, thus stopping cell cycle progression (By similarity). Induces the transcription of long intergenic non-coding RNA p21 (lincRNA-p21) and lincRNA-Mkln1. LincRNA-p21 participates in TP53-dependent transcriptional repression leading to apoptosis, but seems to have to effect on cell-cycle regulation.
About this Structure
- Malecka KA, Ho WC, Marmorstein R. Crystal structure of a p53 core tetramer bound to DNA. Oncogene. 2009 Jan 22;28(3):325-33. Epub 2008 Nov 3. PMID:18978813 doi:10.1038/onc.2008.400
- ↑ Allton K, Jain AK, Herz HM, Tsai WW, Jung SY, Qin J, Bergmann A, Johnson RL, Barton MC. Trim24 targets endogenous p53 for degradation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 14;106(28):11612-6. doi:, 10.1073/pnas.0813177106. Epub 2009 Jun 25. PMID:19556538 doi:10.1073/pnas.0813177106
- ↑ Huarte M, Guttman M, Feldser D, Garber M, Koziol MJ, Kenzelmann-Broz D, Khalil AM, Zuk O, Amit I, Rabani M, Attardi LD, Regev A, Lander ES, Jacks T, Rinn JL. A large intergenic noncoding RNA induced by p53 mediates global gene repression in the p53 response. Cell. 2010 Aug 6;142(3):409-19. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2010.06.040. PMID:20673990 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2010.06.040
- ↑ Vaseva AV, Marchenko ND, Ji K, Tsirka SE, Holzmann S, Moll UM. p53 opens the mitochondrial permeability transition pore to trigger necrosis. Cell. 2012 Jun 22;149(7):1536-48. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2012.05.014. PMID:22726440 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.05.014