As part of an oncology chemistry program directed toward discovery of orally bioavailable inhibitors of the 90 kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90), several solution-phase libraries were designed and prepared. A 2 x 89 library of racemic resorcinol amides was prepared affording 131 purified compounds. After evaluation in a binding assay, followed by an AKT-Luminex cellular assay, three potent analogs had functional activity between 0.1 and 0.3 microM. Resolution by preparative chiral SFC chromatography led to (+)-15, (+)-16, and (+)-17 having functional IC(50) = 27, 43, and 190 nM, respectively. (+)-15 exhibited high clearance in human hepatocytes driven primarily by glucuronidation as confirmed by metabolite identification. A second 8 x 14 exploratory library was designed to investigate heterocyclic replacements of the resorcinol ring. The second library highlights the use of the (-)-sparteine-mediated enantioselective Pd-catalyzed alpha-arylation of N-Boc-pyrrolidine to prepare chiral 2-arylpyrrolidines in parallel.
Solution-phase parallel synthesis of Hsp90 inhibitors.,Cho-Schultz S, Patten MJ, Huang B, Elleraas J, Gajiwala KS, Hickey MJ, Wang J, Mehta PP, Kang P, Gehring MR, Kung PP, Sutton SC J Comb Chem. 2009 Sep-Oct;11(5):860-74. PMID:19583220
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